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Article

Usage of Recycled Technical Textiles as Thermal Insulation and an Acoustic Absorber

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Department of Fire protection, Faculty of Wood Sciences and Technology, Technical University in Zvolen, T.G. Masaryka 24, 960 01 Zvolen, Slovakia
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Electrical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, Department of Physics, Faculty of Wood Sciences and Technology, Technical University in Zvolen, T.G. Masaryka 24, 960 01 Zvolen, Slovakia
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National Forest Centre, Forest Research Institute, T.G. Masaryka 22, 960 01 Zvolen, Slovakia
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Logistics and Amelioration, Department of Forest Harvesting, Faculty of Forestry, Technical University in Zvolen, T. G. Masaryka 24, 960 01 Zvolen, Slovakia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(10), 2968; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102968
Received: 17 April 2019 / Revised: 19 May 2019 / Accepted: 20 May 2019 / Published: 24 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Construction Materials)
The sound absorption coefficient is a commonly used parameter to characterize the acoustic properties of materials. The fire performance of construction products has to be evaluated on the basis of their reaction to fire performance. The evaluation of the reaction to fire performance for the flammable construction materials which are in Class E reaction to fire is based on the ignitability test and the thermal test using the radiant heat source. For this study, nine types of STERED® products, which were made from the recycled automotive technical textiles, were chosen in order to evaluate their ability for sound absorption and the reaction to fire. The fire performance was evaluated on the basis of the relative mass loss in the radiant heat source test; the ignitability in accordance with ISO 11925-2, the possible appearance of flame, duration of flame, and the glowing during the single flame source test. The sound absorption of nine products was rated on the basis of the sound absorption coefficient and the noise reduction coefficient. The measurement was performed using the transfer function method in accordance with ISO 10534-2. From the nine tested types of STERED® products, the product Senizol AT XX2 TL 60 had the lowest mass loss at thermal loads up to 700 °C and it fulfilled the conditions for Class E reaction to fire. This product had the highest noise reduction coefficient of 0.81 and a high absorption coefficient for frequencies ranging between 500 Hz and 2000 Hz. The STERED® product Senizol AT XX2 TL 60, as well as Senizol AT 22 TL 50, Senizol AT 40 TL 25, Senizol AT XX4 TL 50 and Senizol AT XX4 TL 10 with a sound absorption coefficient α of between 0.80 to 0.95 and corresponding NRCs from 0.66 to 0.81, these STERED® products can be classified according to ISO 11654 into the sound absorption classes A and B. View Full-Text
Keywords: technical textiles; waste; recycling; ignitability; mass loss; sound absorption coefficient; noise reduction coefficient (NRC) technical textiles; waste; recycling; ignitability; mass loss; sound absorption coefficient; noise reduction coefficient (NRC)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Danihelová, A.; Němec, M.; Gergeľ, T.; Gejdoš, M.; Gordanová, J.; Sčensný, P. Usage of Recycled Technical Textiles as Thermal Insulation and an Acoustic Absorber. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2968. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102968

AMA Style

Danihelová A, Němec M, Gergeľ T, Gejdoš M, Gordanová J, Sčensný P. Usage of Recycled Technical Textiles as Thermal Insulation and an Acoustic Absorber. Sustainability. 2019; 11(10):2968. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102968

Chicago/Turabian Style

Danihelová, Anna, Miroslav Němec, Tomáš Gergeľ, Miloš Gejdoš, Janka Gordanová, and Patrik Sčensný. 2019. "Usage of Recycled Technical Textiles as Thermal Insulation and an Acoustic Absorber" Sustainability 11, no. 10: 2968. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102968

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