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Indicators for Monitoring Urban Climate Change Resilience and Adaptation

Institute of Spatial and Regional Planning (IREUS), University of Stuttgart, 70049 Stuttgart, Germany
Department of Geography, Justus-Liebig University Gießen, 35390 Giessen, Germany
adelphi, 10559 Berlin, Germany
DIALOGIK, 70176 Stuttgart, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(10), 2931;
Received: 30 April 2019 / Revised: 17 May 2019 / Accepted: 21 May 2019 / Published: 23 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bridging the Gap: The Measure of Urban Resilience)
PDF [850 KB, uploaded 23 May 2019]


In the face of accelerating climate change, urbanization and the need to adapt to these changes, the concept of resilience as an interdisciplinary and positive approach has gained increasing attention over the last decade. However, measuring resilience and monitoring adaptation efforts have received only limited attention from science and practice so far. Thus, this paper aims to provide an indicator set to measure urban climate resilience and monitor adaptation activities. In order to develop this indicator set, a four-step mixed method approach was implemented: (1) based on a literature review, relevant resilience indicators were selected, (2) researchers, consultants and city representatives were then invited to evaluate those indicators in an online survey before the remaining indicator candidates were validated in a workshop (3) and finally reviewed by sector experts (4). This thorough process resulted in 24 indicators distributed over 24 action fields based on secondary data. The participatory approach allowed the research team to take into account the complexity and interdisciplinarity nature of the topic, as well as place- and context-specific parameters. However, it also showed that in order to conduct a holistic assessment of urban climate resilience, a purely quantitative, indicator-based approach is not sufficient, and additional qualitative information is needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: resilience; indicator; monitoring; climate change; climate adaptation resilience; indicator; monitoring; climate change; climate adaptation

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Feldmeyer, D.; Wilden, D.; Kind, C.; Kaiser, T.; Goldschmidt, R.; Diller, C.; Birkmann, J. Indicators for Monitoring Urban Climate Change Resilience and Adaptation. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2931.

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