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Article

Understanding the Spatial Agglomeration of Participation in Agri-Environmental Schemes: The Case of the Tuscany Region

Department of Agricultural, Food and Agro-Environmental Sciences, University of Pisa, Via del Boghetto 80, 56124 Pisa, Italy
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Sustainability 2019, 11(10), 2753; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102753
Received: 21 March 2019 / Revised: 8 May 2019 / Accepted: 9 May 2019 / Published: 14 May 2019
Agri-environmental schemes (AESs) constitute one of the main agricultural policy instruments that address environmental objectives in the Common Agricultural Policy. However, in spite of a 20-year application window and large budgetary shares allocated by EU member states, several studies demonstrate lower-than-expected environmental impacts. The reasons for poor environmental outcomes are the lack of targeting, low participation rates, spatial heterogeneity, and information asymmetry between farmers and public administrators. This study comprehensively analyses the determinants of AES adoption while highlighting patterns of the spatial agglomeration of participation in organic and integrated production. For this, we combine the results of farm-level adoption analysis with a spatial analysis of the participation rate. The results show that both micro- and meso-level characteristics strongly impact AES participation. In fact, farm and household structure, quality of extension services, and territorial conditions all significantly affect AES adoption. View Full-Text
Keywords: agri-environmental schemes; econometrics model; spatial econometrics; organic farming; integrated production; spatial agglomeration agri-environmental schemes; econometrics model; spatial econometrics; organic farming; integrated production; spatial agglomeration
MDPI and ACS Style

Bartolini, F.; Vergamini, D. Understanding the Spatial Agglomeration of Participation in Agri-Environmental Schemes: The Case of the Tuscany Region. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2753. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102753

AMA Style

Bartolini F, Vergamini D. Understanding the Spatial Agglomeration of Participation in Agri-Environmental Schemes: The Case of the Tuscany Region. Sustainability. 2019; 11(10):2753. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102753

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bartolini, Fabio, and Daniele Vergamini. 2019. "Understanding the Spatial Agglomeration of Participation in Agri-Environmental Schemes: The Case of the Tuscany Region" Sustainability 11, no. 10: 2753. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102753

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