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Article

Exploring the Entrepreneurial Intentions of Science and Engineering Students in China: A Q Methodology Study

by 1,2 and 3,*
1
Ph.D. Program of Technology Management, Chung Hua University, Hsinchu 30012, Taiwan
2
Faculty of Mechanical and Material Engineering, Huaiyin Institute of Technology, Huaian 223001, China
3
Department of Technology Management, Chung Hua University, Hsinchu 30012, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(10), 2751; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102751
Received: 18 March 2019 / Revised: 24 April 2019 / Accepted: 26 April 2019 / Published: 14 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Education and Approaches)
The entrepreneurial intentions of Chinese students have received rapidly evolving attention, with the “mass entrepreneurship and innovation” program as a driving force, which encourages individuals to start their own business. Entrepreneurial intention, which is perceived as being a predictor of entrepreneurial behavior, has generally been explored in the existing literature on the basis of the theory of planned behavior and the intention–behavior model. Since intention is a psychological notion, it is important to investigate the motivation for developing entrepreneurial intention from a subjective perspective. The aim of this study is to identify the objective factors that determine Chinese science and engineering students’ entrepreneurial intentions, and to understand how these different factors affect their intention to become an entrepreneur. Q methodology, which is a technological combination of qualitative and quantitative research, was conducted using thirty Chinese science and engineering students, and this paper reports their individual attitudes and discourses concerning their entrepreneurial intentions. After compiling 32 Q sets of statements and performing factor analysis, three distinct types of entrepreneurs were revealed. The findings suggest that a subjective approach to entrepreneurship education should be taken to enhance science and engineering students’ entrepreneurial intentions. Some theoretical and practical implications of these findings for techno-entrepreneurship education and development are also discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: entrepreneur; entrepreneurial intention; entrepreneurial education; Q methodology; mixed-methods; qualitative entrepreneur; entrepreneurial intention; entrepreneurial education; Q methodology; mixed-methods; qualitative
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fang, C.; Chen, L. Exploring the Entrepreneurial Intentions of Science and Engineering Students in China: A Q Methodology Study. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2751. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102751

AMA Style

Fang C, Chen L. Exploring the Entrepreneurial Intentions of Science and Engineering Students in China: A Q Methodology Study. Sustainability. 2019; 11(10):2751. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102751

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fang, Chen, and Liwen Chen. 2019. "Exploring the Entrepreneurial Intentions of Science and Engineering Students in China: A Q Methodology Study" Sustainability 11, no. 10: 2751. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102751

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