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Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of Building Energy and Daylight Performance of Electrochromic Glazing for Optimal Control in Three Different Climate Zones

1
Building Envelope Technology Center, Energy & Environment Business Division, Korea Conformity Laboratories (KCL), 595-10, Pyengsin 1-ro, Daesan-eup, Seosan-si 31900, Chungnam, Korea
2
Sustainable Building Research Center, Hanyang University, 55 Hanyangdaehak-ro, Sangrok-gu, Ansan-si 15588, Gyeonggi-do, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(1), 287; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11010287
Received: 28 October 2018 / Revised: 18 December 2018 / Accepted: 26 December 2018 / Published: 8 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Power System and Sustainability)
The objective of this paper is to analyze the control conditions of the transmittance rate, and determine the conditions that are most optimal with respect to building energy and daylight performance in three climate conditions: Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (hot climate); Inchon, South Korea (hot and cold climate); and Moscow, Russia (cold climate). The analysis was based on the electrochromic glass developed by a research team. Electrochromic glass is a next generation solar control glass that can control the transmittance of the glass itself. Therefore, proper control methods are essential for rational use of this electrochromic glass. To properly control electrochromic glass, daylight performance must be considered, along with building energy (heating, cooling, and lighting). If only building energy is considered, transmittance needs to be lowered during the summer season and increased during the winter season. Controlling electrochromic glass transmittance with such a method would not improve the satisfaction of users and occupants of a building due to the resulting glare. In addition to energy reduction, the basic function of solar control glass is to prevent glare. Therefore, in this study, we develop the Energy and Daylight Performance Index (EDPI) using, to evaluate the combined building energy and daylight performance and deduce the optimal control method for electrochromic glass. In addition, optimal control conditions for the three different climatic regions were obtained. Limitations of this study were that the scope was restricted to the eastern climate region, and that the building analysis model was limited to one climate region. It is expected that the optimal control method could be used as an initial database in the development of a electrochromic glass control system. View Full-Text
Keywords: electrochromic glazing; building energy; daylight performance; optimal control; climate zone; EnergyPlus electrochromic glazing; building energy; daylight performance; optimal control; climate zone; EnergyPlus
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Oh, M.; Jang, M.; Moon, J.; Roh, S. Evaluation of Building Energy and Daylight Performance of Electrochromic Glazing for Optimal Control in Three Different Climate Zones. Sustainability 2019, 11, 287.

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