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Article

A Parking Space Allocation Method to Make a Shared Parking Strategy for Appertaining Parking Lots of Public Buildings

by 1, 1,*, 1 and 2
1
School of Transportation, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
2
Urban and Traffic Planning Design Institute, Shanghai Urban Construction Design and Research Institute Co., Ltd., Shanghai 200125, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(1), 120; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11010120
Received: 29 November 2018 / Revised: 16 December 2018 / Accepted: 20 December 2018 / Published: 26 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable and Intelligent Transportation Systems)
Appertaining parking lots of public buildings provide a large proportion of parking supply in cities. However, these parking lots mainly serve the parking demands of public buildings, leading to a low utilization ratio of parking spaces. It is therefore required to implement a shared parking strategy for these parking lots. In this study, a parking space allocation method (PSAM) at the network level is proposed to allocate the parking demand to a parking lot and then the parking space. The users are divided into M-users (users of the buildings) and P-users (public users). The shared parking strategy is analyzed from the aspects of open window, parking fee, and ratio of reservation spaces. The users are allocated to a parking lot by a multinomial logit(MNL) model. Specifically, it is determined whether they can enter parking lot and which space they are allocated according to the specific rules. After all the users are allocated with a parking space, the rejection number of M-users, occupancy rate, and profits of each parking lot are collected and a NSGA-II (non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm II) algorithm is designed to determine the optimal strategy for each parking lot according to the above. Compared with the results of all-time all-space shared parking strategy, our method shows better performance in balancing the interests of all appertaining parking lots and protecting the interests of M-users while obtaining considerable profits for the parking lots. View Full-Text
Keywords: Shared parking; appertaining parking lot; parking space allocation; parking fee; parking space reservation Shared parking; appertaining parking lot; parking space allocation; parking fee; parking space reservation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cai, Y.; Chen, J.; Zhang, C.; Wang, B. A Parking Space Allocation Method to Make a Shared Parking Strategy for Appertaining Parking Lots of Public Buildings. Sustainability 2019, 11, 120. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11010120

AMA Style

Cai Y, Chen J, Zhang C, Wang B. A Parking Space Allocation Method to Make a Shared Parking Strategy for Appertaining Parking Lots of Public Buildings. Sustainability. 2019; 11(1):120. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11010120

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cai, Yifei; Chen, Jun; Zhang, Chu; Wang, Bin. 2019. "A Parking Space Allocation Method to Make a Shared Parking Strategy for Appertaining Parking Lots of Public Buildings" Sustainability 11, no. 1: 120. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11010120

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