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Sustainability 2018, 10(9), 3182; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10093182

Soil and Water Conservation in Burkina Faso, West Africa

1
WASCAL Graduate Research Programme on Climate Change and Land Use, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, University Post Office Box PMP, 00233 Kumasi, Ghana
2
Department of Civil Engineering, Koforidua Technical University, P.O. Box KF 981, 00233 Koforidua, Ghana
3
Department of Remote Sensing, Institute of Geography and Geology, University of Würzburg, Oswald-Külpe-Weg 86, 97074 Würzburg, Germany
4
West African Science Service Center on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use, Avenue Mouammar Kadhafi, 06 BP 9507 Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
5
Department of Physics, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, University Post Office Box PMB, 00233 Kumasi, Ghana
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 July 2018 / Revised: 24 August 2018 / Accepted: 26 August 2018 / Published: 6 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
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Abstract

Inadequate land management and agricultural activities have largely resulted in land degradation in Burkina Faso. The nationwide governmental and institutional driven implementation and adoption of soil and water conservation measures (SWCM) since the early 1960s, however, is expected to successively slow down the degradation process and to increase the agricultural output. Even though relevant measures have been taken, only a few studies have been conducted to quantify their effect, for instance, on soil erosion and environmental restoration. In addition, a comprehensive summary of initiatives, implementation strategies, and eventually region-specific requirements for adopting different SWCM is missing. The present study therefore aims to review the different SWCM in Burkina Faso and implementation programs, as well as to provide information on their effects on environmental restoration and agricultural productivity. This was achieved by considering over 143 studies focusing on Burkina Faso’s experience and research progress in areas of SWCM and soil erosion. SWCM in Burkina Faso have largely resulted in an increase in agricultural productivity and improvement in food security. Finally, this study aims at supporting the country’s informed decision-making for extending already existing SWCM and for deriving further implementation strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: soil and water conservation; environmental degradation; agricultural productivity; food security; soil erosion; Burkina Faso soil and water conservation; environmental degradation; agricultural productivity; food security; soil erosion; Burkina Faso
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Nyamekye, C.; Thiel, M.; Schönbrodt-Stitt, S.; Zoungrana, B. .-B.; Amekudzi, L.K. Soil and Water Conservation in Burkina Faso, West Africa. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3182.

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