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Latent Drivers of Landscape Transformation in Eastern Europe: Past, Present and Future

1
Global Change Research Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Lipová 9, CZ-37005 České Budějovice, Czech Republic
2
Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Centre for Eological Research, Danube Research Institute, Department of Tisza Research, Bem tér 18/c, HU-4026 Debrecen, Hungary
3
Council for Agricultural Research and Economics (CREA), Viale S. Margherita 80, I-52100 Arezzo, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(8), 2918; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10082918
Received: 6 July 2018 / Revised: 14 August 2018 / Accepted: 14 August 2018 / Published: 17 August 2018
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Abstract

Land-use changes in Europe have been influenced by social forces including economic, demographic, political, technological and cultural factors. Contributing to a refined conceptualization of multifaceted processes of landscape transformation in the European continent, the present study proposes an extensive review of land-use trends in Eastern Europe, focusing on past, present and future conditions that may characterize latent drivers of change. Three time periods with a specific institutional, political and socioeconomic context reflecting distinct processes of land-use change were identified including: (i) the rapid transition to a centralized political system since the early 1950s (up to the late 1980s); (ii) a progressive transition from communist regimes to parliamentary democracy in 1989–1990 (up to the early 2000s); and (iii) the subsequent accession of individual countries to the European Union (2004–2007) up to nowadays. The most recent land-use trends are increasingly influenced by European directives on the environment, while national policies continue to shape economic development in member states. View Full-Text
Keywords: socioeconomic forces; global change; land-use change; post-socialistic countries socioeconomic forces; global change; land-use change; post-socialistic countries
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Prokopová, M.; Cudlín, O.; Včeláková, R.; Lengyel, S.; Salvati, L.; Cudlín, P. Latent Drivers of Landscape Transformation in Eastern Europe: Past, Present and Future. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2918.

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