Multidimensional Self-Concept in Elementary Education: Sport Practice and Gender
AbstractBackground: The purpose of this study was to analyse the relation between the number of hours of organized sports practice and self-concept, considered from a multidimensional approach (physical, emotional, academic, social and family self-concept). The relation between these variables as a function of gender was also investigated. Methods: We used a sample of 840 students from fifth and sixth grade of Elementary Education (494 boys and 346 girls), aged 9 to 12 years, from Spain. To assess the students’ self-concept, we used the AF-5 Self-Concept Form 5 questionnaire. Results: The results show that children who practice organized sport, present a better physical self-concept (0 h a day [h/d]: M = 5.20, SD = 1.82; 1 h/d: M = 5.90, SD = 1.82; 2 h/d: M = 5.99, SD = 1.56; 3 h/d: M = 6.00, SD = 1.42). Boys present a higher emotional self-concept than girls (p < 0.05). Moreover, children’s sports practice is beneficial for the academic and family self-concept but in the case of girls, a high number of hours of daily practice may be decreasing these potential benefits. Conclusions: The findings suggest that organized sports practice could have a positive effect on self-concept. We underline the importance of encourage children to practice sport and paying particular attention to gender differences in the development of the emotional self-concept during elementary education. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Amado-Alonso, D.; Mendo-Lázaro, S.; León-del-Barco, B.; Mirabel-Alviz, M.; Iglesias-Gallego, D. Multidimensional Self-Concept in Elementary Education: Sport Practice and Gender. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2805.
Amado-Alonso D, Mendo-Lázaro S, León-del-Barco B, Mirabel-Alviz M, Iglesias-Gallego D. Multidimensional Self-Concept in Elementary Education: Sport Practice and Gender. Sustainability. 2018; 10(8):2805.Chicago/Turabian Style
Amado-Alonso, Diana; Mendo-Lázaro, Santiago; León-del-Barco, Benito; Mirabel-Alviz, Mario; Iglesias-Gallego, Damián. 2018. "Multidimensional Self-Concept in Elementary Education: Sport Practice and Gender." Sustainability 10, no. 8: 2805.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.