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Open AccessArticle

Big Data Approach as an Institutional Innovation to Tackle Hong Kong’s Illegal Subdivided Unit Problem

by Yung Yau 1,* and Wai Kin Lau 2
1
Department of Public Policy, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
2
Department of Construction Technology and Engineering, Technological and Higher Education Institute of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(8), 2709; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10082709
Received: 8 June 2018 / Revised: 29 July 2018 / Accepted: 31 July 2018 / Published: 1 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Big Data Research for Social Sciences and Social Impact)
While applications of big data have been extensively studied, discussion is mostly made from the perspectives of computer science, Internet services, and informatics. Alternatively, this article takes the big data approach as an institutional innovation and uses the problem of illegal subdivided units (ISUs) in Hong Kong as a case study. High transaction costs incurred in identification of suspected ISUs and associated enforcement actions lead to a proliferation of ISUs in the city. We posit that the deployment of big data analytics can lower these transaction costs, enabling the government to tackle the problem of illegal accommodations. We propose a framework for big data collection, analysis, and feedback. As the findings of a structured questionnaire survey reveal, building professionals believed that the proposed framework could reduce transaction costs of ISU identification. Yet, concerns associated with the big data approach like privacy and predictive policing were also raised by the professionals. View Full-Text
Keywords: big data; illegal accommodation; institutional innovation; transaction costs; housing problem; building stock management; Hong Kong big data; illegal accommodation; institutional innovation; transaction costs; housing problem; building stock management; Hong Kong
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Yau, Y.; Lau, W.K. Big Data Approach as an Institutional Innovation to Tackle Hong Kong’s Illegal Subdivided Unit Problem. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2709.

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