Next Article in Journal
Spatial Zoning Strategy of Urbanization Based on Urban Climate Co-Movement: A Case Study in Shanghai Mainland Area
Next Article in Special Issue
Local Agroforestry Practices for Food and Nutrition Security of Smallholder Farm Households in Southwestern Ethiopia
Previous Article in Journal
Factors Causing Farmland Price-Value Distortion and Their Implications for Peri-Urban Growth Management
Previous Article in Special Issue
Biogas Potential of Coffee Processing Waste in Ethiopia
Article Menu
Issue 8 (August) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2018, 10(8), 2705; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10082705

Sustainability Performance of National Bio-Economies

1
Center for Development Research, University of Bonn, D-53113 Bonn, Germany
2
Institute for Ecological Economics, Vienna University of Economics and Business, 1020 Vienna, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 June 2018 / Revised: 24 July 2018 / Accepted: 27 July 2018 / Published: 1 August 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [1387 KB, uploaded 1 August 2018]   |  

Abstract

An increasing number of countries develop bio-economy strategies to promote a stronger reliance on the efficient use of renewable biological resources in order to meet multiple sustainability challenges. At the global scale, however, bio-economies are diverse, with sectors such as agriculture, forestry, energy, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, as well as science and education. In this study, we developed a typology of bio-economies based on country-specific characteristics, and describe five different bio-economy types with varying degrees of importance in the primary and the high-tech sector. We also matched the bio-economy types against the foci of their bio-economy strategies and evaluated their sustainability performance. Overall, high-tech bio-economies seem to be more diversified in terms of their policy strategies while the policies of those relying on the primary sector are focused on bioenergy and high-tech industries. In terms of sustainability performance, indicators suggest that diversified high-tech economies have experienced a slight sustainability improvement, especially in terms of resource consumption. Footprints remain, however, at the highest levels compared to all other bio-economy types with large amounts of resources and raw materials being imported from other countries. These results highlight the necessity of developed high-tech bio-economies to further decrease their environmental footprint domestically and internationally, and the importance of biotechnology innovation transfer after critical and comprehensive sustainability assessments. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioeconomy; green economy; sustainable development; bioproductivity; high-tech bioeconomy; knowledge-based bioeconomy; primary sector; typology; cluster analysis bioeconomy; green economy; sustainable development; bioproductivity; high-tech bioeconomy; knowledge-based bioeconomy; primary sector; typology; cluster analysis
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Biber-Freudenberger, L.; Basukala, A.K.; Bruckner, M.; Börner, J. Sustainability Performance of National Bio-Economies. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2705.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top