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The New Holistic Paradigm and the Sustainability of Historic Cities in Spain: An Approach Based on the World Heritage Cities
Open AccessArticle

Historic Urban Landscapes: A Review on Trends and Methodologies in the Urban Context of the 21st Century

UNESCO Chair on Cultural Landscapes and Heritage (UPV/EHU), CIEA Mikaela Portilla, Justo Vélez de Elorriaga, 01006 Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
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Sustainability 2018, 10(8), 2603; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10082603
Received: 3 April 2018 / Revised: 17 July 2018 / Accepted: 23 July 2018 / Published: 25 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cultural Heritage Conservation and Sustainability)
This article makes a critical reflection, questioning the notion of historical urban landscapes as a conceptual paradigm used for the basis of urban conservation in the twenty-first century. The study begins with a brief summary of the origins and subsequent evolution of this concept, highlighting the two key reference milestones: the Vienna Memorandum (UNESCO, 2005) and the Paris Recommendation (UNESCO, 2011). Subsequently, the focus of attention will be on highlighting the problems and difficulties posed by the management and protection of historic urban landscapes today. In this sense, the focus of attention will be placed on the assumption that change is an inherent part of the urban condition, since there is no consensus on what the limits of acceptable change in historic urban landscapes should be. It also emphasizes three factors that make this more difficult: (1) the reminiscences of the doctrines of the Weberian administration in the current models of government; (2) the subjective nature of the systems of indicators applied to the scope of historic cities; and (3) the opportunism of tactical urbanism, which, despite its shortcomings, is becoming an outstanding alternative for the methodological development of the historic urban landscapes. View Full-Text
Keywords: historic urban landscapes; critical reflection; indicator systems; tactical urban planning historic urban landscapes; critical reflection; indicator systems; tactical urban planning
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Azpeitia Santander, A.; Azkarate Garai-Olaun, A.; De la Fuente Arana, A. Historic Urban Landscapes: A Review on Trends and Methodologies in the Urban Context of the 21st Century. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2603.

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