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Open AccessArticle

Properties of Fired Bricks Incorporating TFT-LCD Waste Glass Powder with Reservoir Sediments

Department of Civil Engineering & Geomatics, Cheng Shiu University, No. 840, Chengcing Rd., Niaosong District, Kaohsiung 83347, Taiwan
Sustainability 2018, 10(7), 2503; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072503
Received: 14 June 2018 / Revised: 16 July 2018 / Accepted: 16 July 2018 / Published: 17 July 2018
In view of increasing concerns over nonrenewable resource depletion and waste management, this study aimed to apply the Taguchi optimization technique to determine the process conditions for producing bricks by incorporating thin-film transition liquid crystal display (TFT-LCD) waste glass powder with reservoir sediments. An orthogonal array L16(45) was adopted, which consisted of five controllable four-level factors (i.e., cullet content, drying method, preheat time, sintering temperature, and error). Moreover, the analysis of variance method was used to explore the effects of the experimental factors on the density, water absorption, shrinkage ratio, loss on ignition, porosity, and compressive strength of the fired bricks. The microstructures of the fired specimens were investigated by scanning electron microscopy. Then, large-scale production techniques for fired bricks containing recycled TFT-LCD glass cullet and reservoir sediments were developed in a commercially available tunnel kiln. The test results showed that the structure of the fired specimen was loose at a sintering temperature ranging from 900 to 950 °C. However, the fired specimen showed a significant densification at the sintering temperature of 1050 °C. In addition, the Taguchi method was found to be a feasible approach for optimizing the process condition of bricks using recycled TFT-LCD glass cullet and reservoir sediments and it significantly reduced the number of tests. Further, the characteristics of fired bricks developed in the tunnel kiln were in compliance with Chinese National Standards class Ι building bricks criteria. View Full-Text
Keywords: reservoir sediments; cullet; brick; sintering; orthogonal array reservoir sediments; cullet; brick; sintering; orthogonal array
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tang, C.-W. Properties of Fired Bricks Incorporating TFT-LCD Waste Glass Powder with Reservoir Sediments. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2503. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072503

AMA Style

Tang C-W. Properties of Fired Bricks Incorporating TFT-LCD Waste Glass Powder with Reservoir Sediments. Sustainability. 2018; 10(7):2503. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072503

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tang, Chao-Wei. 2018. "Properties of Fired Bricks Incorporating TFT-LCD Waste Glass Powder with Reservoir Sediments" Sustainability 10, no. 7: 2503. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072503

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