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Article

The Role of Intermediaries in Supporting Local Low-Carbon Energy Initiatives

1
Twente Centre for Studies in Technology and Sustainable Development (CSTM), University of Twente, 7522 NB Enschede, The Netherlands
2
Organisation and Governance (OG), Department of Multi-Actor Systems (MAS), Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management (TPM), Delft University of Technology, 2628 CD Delft, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(7), 2450; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072450
Received: 21 June 2018 / Revised: 4 July 2018 / Accepted: 10 July 2018 / Published: 13 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social Innovations in the Energy Transition)
Recent scholarly attention shows that grassroots civil society low-carbon energy initiatives increasingly become part of the subnational climate change governance landscape. Despite their potency in view of consumer-owned distributed generation and enhanced citizen influence in the organization of the energy infrastructure, local low-carbon energy initiatives (LLCEIs) struggle to become viable alternatives to the centralized, private oriented energy system. To further LLCEI development, support needs to build their capacities; alleviate institutional hurdles and barriers stemming from the fossil fuel-based energy regime; and open up the system for the uptake, acceptance or breakthrough of LLCEIs. Evidence suggests that so-called “intermediaries” form a part of the solution in addressing these issues. Despite previous attempts at analyzing intermediary roles and activities vis-à-vis the development of community energy, the reality of the various roles and strategies intermediaries can employ and the support LLCEIs require to further develop have not yet been synthesized in a comprehensive analytical framework. This article aims to fill this gap by developing such a framework. We reflect on the analytical framework by evaluating the intermediary support structure in a specific case: the Province of Fryslân. From the analysis, we conclude that the Frisian case provided modest support to the claim that intermediary support is effective in addressing the needs of LLCEIs as the strategies and roles observed represent a complete and coherent support structure. View Full-Text
Keywords: intermediary; community energy; grassroots innovations; endogenous development; strategic niche management; asset-based community development; business incubator intermediary; community energy; grassroots innovations; endogenous development; strategic niche management; asset-based community development; business incubator
MDPI and ACS Style

Warbroek, B.; Hoppe, T.; Coenen, F.; Bressers, H. The Role of Intermediaries in Supporting Local Low-Carbon Energy Initiatives. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2450. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072450

AMA Style

Warbroek B, Hoppe T, Coenen F, Bressers H. The Role of Intermediaries in Supporting Local Low-Carbon Energy Initiatives. Sustainability. 2018; 10(7):2450. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072450

Chicago/Turabian Style

Warbroek, Beau, Thomas Hoppe, Frans Coenen, and Hans Bressers. 2018. "The Role of Intermediaries in Supporting Local Low-Carbon Energy Initiatives" Sustainability 10, no. 7: 2450. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072450

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