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Sustainability 2018, 10(7), 2407;

Recycling Intention and Behavior among Low-Income Households

Faculty of Entrepreneurship and Business, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Kota Bharu 16100, Malaysia
School of Business and Economics, Thompson Rivers University, Kamloops, BC V2C 0C8, Canada
Faculty of Hospitality, Tourism and Wellness, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Kota Bharu 16100, Malaysia
School of Management, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Gelugor 11800, Malaysia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 April 2018 / Revised: 26 June 2018 / Accepted: 9 July 2018 / Published: 10 July 2018
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To improve our knowledge of how to protect the environment, this study examined the factors that influence recycling intention and behavior among low-income households. The study adopted a cross-sectional design that relied on 380 low-income households who live in coastal Peninsular Malaysia. The findings revealed a positive effect of eco-literacy, environmental concern, and self-efficacy on the attitude towards environmentally friendly products. Subsequently, the findings also illustrated a positive effect of normative beliefs on subjective norms. Moreover, the results revealed a positive effect of attitude towards environmentally friendly products and perceived behavioral control (PBC) on recycling intention. Finally, there was a positive effect of both PBC and recycling intention on recycling behavior. Although this study’s focus on a specific income group from a single country could limit generalizability; the findings nevertheless provide scholars and policymakers with significant insights into promoting recycling activities, which are expected to contribute to the environment and reduce the environmental and economic vulnerability among low-income households. Therefore, environmental and socio-economic development organizations should assess the feasibility of recycling materials and develop a supportive system that facilitates and encourages recycling activities. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental protection; recycling; low-income households; theory of planned behavior environmental protection; recycling; low-income households; theory of planned behavior

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Al Mamun, A.; Mohiuddin, M.; Ahmad, G.B.; Thurasamy, R.; Fazal, S.A. Recycling Intention and Behavior among Low-Income Households. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2407.

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