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Sustainability 2018, 10(6), 2017; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10062017

Monitoring and Modelling Coastal Vulnerability and Mitigation Proposal for an Archaeological Site (Kaulonia, Southern Italy)

1
Department of Science and Technologies, University of Naples “Parthenope”, 80133 Napoli, Italy
2
Department of Engineering, University of Naples “Parthenope”, 80133 Napoli, Italy
3
Department of Biosciences and Territory, University of Molise, 86090 Pesche, Italy
4
Department of Earth, Environment and Life Sciences, University of Genova, 16126 Genova, Italy
5
Department of Engineering, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, 81031 Aversa (Caserta), Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 May 2018 / Revised: 5 June 2018 / Accepted: 7 June 2018 / Published: 14 June 2018
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Abstract

This paper presents a Coastal Vulnerability Assessment (CVA) of a microtidal beach located on the Ionian Sea in Calabria region (southern Italy) in order to examine the influence of the different run-up equations on CVA score and propose mitigation measures for the most vulnerable parts of the beach. The coastal area has been severely eroded by extreme wave storms, which have also damaged important archaeological structures located on a nearby cliff. A typical 1 year return period (Tr) storm, associated with the recent criticalities, was chosen to test the different run-up formulas (Holman (1986), Mase (1989) Stockdon et al. (2006) and Poate et al. (2016)) on a number of beach profiles in order to check the sensitivity of the CVA calculation with regard to the different run-up equations. The obtained results provide evidence that different run-up levels often give rise to different CVA scores. Based on vulnerability results, some mitigation measures have been proposed for the beach in front of the archaeological area, based on submerged detached breakwater and an adherent gabion wall for the cliff defence. View Full-Text
Keywords: run-up; wave numerical model; beach characterization; southern Italy run-up; wave numerical model; beach characterization; southern Italy
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Di Luccio, D.; Benassai, G.; Di Paola, G.; Rosskopf, C.M.; Mucerino, L.; Montella, R.; Contestabile, P. Monitoring and Modelling Coastal Vulnerability and Mitigation Proposal for an Archaeological Site (Kaulonia, Southern Italy). Sustainability 2018, 10, 2017.

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