Next Article in Journal
Historical and Empirical Basis for Communal Title in Minerals at the National Level: Does Ownership Matter for Human Development?
Next Article in Special Issue
Vegetation History in the Toledo Mountains (Central Iberia): Human Impact during the Last 1300 Years
Previous Article in Journal
Does Property Rights Integrity Improve Tenure Security? Evidence from China’s Forest Reform
Previous Article in Special Issue
Profiling Human-Induced Vegetation Change in the Horqin Sandy Land of China Using Time Series Datasets
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2018, 10(6), 1957;

Agricultural Oasis Expansion and Its Impact on Oasis Landscape Patterns in the Southern Margin of Tarim Basin, Northwest China

4,5,* , 4,5,* , 4,5
Institute of Arid Ecology and Environment, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046, China
Key Laboratory of Oasis Ecology, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046, China
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
State Key Laboratory of Desert and Oasis Ecology, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China
Cele National Station of Observation and Research for Desert-Grassland Ecosystems, Cele 848300, China
School of Hydropower and Information Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
Xizang Agriculture and Animal Husbandey College, Tibet University, Lhasa 850000, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 April 2018 / Revised: 4 June 2018 / Accepted: 5 June 2018 / Published: 11 June 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [10185 KB, uploaded 13 June 2018]   |  


Oasis landscape change and its pattern dynamics are considered one of the vital research areas on global land use and landscape change in arid regions. An agricultural oasis is the main site of food security and ecosystem services in arid areas. Recently, the dramatic exploitation of agricultural oases has affected oasis stability, inducing some ecological and environmental issues such as water shortage and land degradation. In this study, the Qira oasis on the southern margin of Tarim Basin, Northwest China, was selected as a study area to examine the spatiotemporal changes in an agricultural oasis and the influence on oasis landscape pattern. Based on the integration of Thematic Mapper, Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus, and GF-1 images, the agricultural Qira oasis has rapidly increased, with annual change rates of −0.3%, 1.6%, 3.7%, and 1.5% during 1970–1990, 1990–2000, 2000–2013, and 2013–2016, respectively. With the agricultural oasis expansion, the agricultural land has increased from 91.10 km2 in 1970 to 105.04 km2 in 2016. The percentage of farmland area has increased by 15.3% in 2016 compared with that in 1970. The natural vegetation is decreasing owing to the reclamation of desert–oasis ecotone. The oasis landscape change and pattern are mainly affected by agricultural expansion under water-saving technological utilization, land use policy, and regional economic development demand. The expansion of agricultural oasis is alarming due to human overexploitation. Thus, the government should adjust the layout of agricultural development and pay considerable attention to the oasis environment sustainability. This study can provide a valuable reference on the impact of climate change and human activities on a landscape. View Full-Text
Keywords: oasis; landscape change; agricultural oasis expansion; Tarim Basin oasis; landscape change; agricultural oasis expansion; Tarim Basin

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, Y.; Xue, J.; Gui, D.; Lei, J.; Sun, H.; Lv, G.; Zhang, Z. Agricultural Oasis Expansion and Its Impact on Oasis Landscape Patterns in the Southern Margin of Tarim Basin, Northwest China. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1957.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top