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Article

Designing Business Solutions for Plastic Waste Management to Enhance Circular Transitions in Kenya

1
Climate Change Economics Research Centre, Szent István University, Páter Károly 1, 2100 Godollo, Hungary
2
Doctoral School of Management and Business Administration, Szent István University, Páter Károly 1, 2100 Godollo, Hungary
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(5), 1664; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10051664
Received: 23 March 2018 / Revised: 1 May 2018 / Accepted: 9 May 2018 / Published: 21 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Circular Economy—Sustainable Energy and Waste Policies)
Least-developed countries face many challenges regarding their plastic waste management systems. In 2017, Kenya imposed a selective ban targeting manufacturers and consumers of plastic carrier bags. However, this selectivity does not avoid the continuous use of other plastic products. The present paper states that circular priorities, which have been defined to advanced economies, would not be entirely valid for the rest of the world. While high-income countries face only the impacts of their own consumption, developing nations must endure the externalities of these developed economies. Thus, the focus of the least developed part of the world must not be on reducing its relatively normal (or even low) consumption, but to manage its surplus material flow. According to the employed circular evaluation methodology (CEV—Circular Economic Value), the circularity level in Kenya’s plastic material flow stands on a rather low stage with 32.72%. This result outlines the linear deficiencies of the plastic waste management system and urges the prevention of further material leakage (such as energy use). Through the Business Model Canvas (BMC) approach this study offers a holistic business solution which can improve the system’s sustainability. View Full-Text
Keywords: plastic waste; business solution; circular priorities; recycling; Business Model Canvas (BMC); Circular Economic Value; Kenya plastic waste; business solution; circular priorities; recycling; Business Model Canvas (BMC); Circular Economic Value; Kenya
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MDPI and ACS Style

Horvath, B.; Mallinguh, E.; Fogarassy, C. Designing Business Solutions for Plastic Waste Management to Enhance Circular Transitions in Kenya. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1664. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10051664

AMA Style

Horvath B, Mallinguh E, Fogarassy C. Designing Business Solutions for Plastic Waste Management to Enhance Circular Transitions in Kenya. Sustainability. 2018; 10(5):1664. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10051664

Chicago/Turabian Style

Horvath, Balint, Edmund Mallinguh, and Csaba Fogarassy. 2018. "Designing Business Solutions for Plastic Waste Management to Enhance Circular Transitions in Kenya" Sustainability 10, no. 5: 1664. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10051664

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