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Article

A Hybrid Fuzzy BWM-COPRAS Method for Analyzing Key Factors of Sustainable Architecture

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Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran 1417614418, Iran
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Department of Management, University of Tehran, Kish International Campus, Kish 7941655655, Iran
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Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban Design, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Vilnius 10223, Lithuania
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Faculty of Civil Engineering, Institute of Sustainable Construction, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Vilnius 10223, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(5), 1626; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10051626
Received: 4 April 2018 / Revised: 7 May 2018 / Accepted: 16 May 2018 / Published: 18 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in Construction Engineering)
Sustainable development by emphasizing on satisfying the current needs of the general public without threating their futures, alongside with taking the environment and future generations under consideration, has become one of the prominent issues in different societies. Therefore, identifying and prioritizing the key factors of sustainable architecture according to regional and cultural features could be the first step in sustaining the architecture as a process and an outcome. In this paper, the key indicators of the environmental sustainability in contemporary architecture of Iran has been identified and prioritized. This study has been performed in three phases. First, identifying key factors of environmental sustainability according to the experts’ point of view and transforming the collected data to triangular fuzzy numbers. Subsequently, the best-worst multi-criteria decision-making method (henceforth BWM) under grey system circumstances has determined the weights and priority of the identified criteria. Eventually, identified key factors were prioritized by the complex proportional assessment method (hereafter COPRAS) under the condition of fuzzy sets. The results indicate that the key factors of creating engagement between buildings and other urban systems has the highest priority in the built environment sustainability in contemporary architecture and proving building management systems has the lowest. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable development; sustainable architecture; best-worst method (BWM); complex proportional assessment method (COPRAS); grey system; fuzzy sets sustainable development; sustainable architecture; best-worst method (BWM); complex proportional assessment method (COPRAS); grey system; fuzzy sets
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MDPI and ACS Style

Amoozad Mahdiraji, H.; Arzaghi, S.; Stauskis, G.; Zavadskas, E.K. A Hybrid Fuzzy BWM-COPRAS Method for Analyzing Key Factors of Sustainable Architecture. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1626. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10051626

AMA Style

Amoozad Mahdiraji H, Arzaghi S, Stauskis G, Zavadskas EK. A Hybrid Fuzzy BWM-COPRAS Method for Analyzing Key Factors of Sustainable Architecture. Sustainability. 2018; 10(5):1626. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10051626

Chicago/Turabian Style

Amoozad Mahdiraji, Hannan, Sepas Arzaghi, Gintaras Stauskis, and Edmundas K. Zavadskas. 2018. "A Hybrid Fuzzy BWM-COPRAS Method for Analyzing Key Factors of Sustainable Architecture" Sustainability 10, no. 5: 1626. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10051626

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