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Multidisciplinary Investigation of the Imperial Gates of the 17th Century Wooden Church in Sălișca, Cluj County, Romania

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Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Design Engineering and Robotics, bd. Muncii, no. 103-105, 400641 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
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Babeş-Bolyai University, Faculty of Orthodox Theology, f/n Nicolae Ivan st., 400692 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
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National Institute for R&D of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, Street Donat, no. 67–103 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(5), 1503; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10051503
Received: 26 March 2018 / Revised: 3 May 2018 / Accepted: 4 May 2018 / Published: 9 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainability of Culture and Heritage)
One of the most beautiful elements of cultural heritage in Romanian villages is the Transylvanian wooden churches. Unfortunately, these heritage elements have experienced considerable deterioration. This paper presents the results of a project whose main goal was the scientific investigation of the Imperial Gates belonging to the wooden church in Sălișca, Cluj County, Romania. To digitally preserve and document the Imperial Gates, a scientific investigation into the wooden support and the painting materials (ground, pigments) were performed using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and x-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectroscopy. FTIR spectroscopy provided information about the wooden support, whereas XRF and FTIR methods were used to structurally characterize the painting materials. These structural data were correlated with the artistic, theological, and historical analysis of the religious heritage monument. Starting from the information acquired about the wooden support and the painting materials, the Imperial Gates were three-dimensional (3D) scanned using state-of-the-art laser scanners. The digitization of the Imperial Gates and the interior of the church was performed to maintain the current preservation status and disseminate this information to the public using online instruments. View Full-Text
Keywords: digital restoration of cultural heritage; digital preservation of Imperial Gates; lime wood; painting materials; FTIR; XRF spectroscopy; 3D scanning digital restoration of cultural heritage; digital preservation of Imperial Gates; lime wood; painting materials; FTIR; XRF spectroscopy; 3D scanning
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Neamtu, C.; Marutoiu, V.C.; Bratu, I.; Marutoiu, O.F.; Marutoiu, C.; Chirilă, I.; Dragomir, M.; Popescu, D. Multidisciplinary Investigation of the Imperial Gates of the 17th Century Wooden Church in Sălișca, Cluj County, Romania. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1503.

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