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Exploring a Third Space for Sustainable Educational Development—HIV/AIDS Prevention, Zambia

Department of International Studies and Interpreting, Faculty of Education, OsloMet University, PB 4 St. Olavs plass, Oslo NO-0130, Norway
Sustainability 2018, 10(4), 946; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10040946
Received: 4 January 2018 / Revised: 13 March 2018 / Accepted: 19 March 2018 / Published: 23 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Teaching and Learning for Sustainability)
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Abstract

This study was conducted in Zambia from 2002 to 2008, a country greatly affected by the HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)/AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) epidemic. The global, national, as well as local discourses on spread and mitigation were clustered around scientific knowledge and the local context and cultural traditions. The education sector struggled with implementing the national HIV/AIDS education strategy but by a broader stakeholder involvement, and a close collaboration between the educational sector and tribal chiefs and their traditional internal structures, a localized approach emerged. The overall objective of the paper is to illustrate how a multi-voiced strategy can bring about sustainable change, illustrated by this study. The study used qualitative constructivist and grounded theoretical approaches, and applied the third generation of cultural and historical activity theory (CHAT) as an analytical tool. Bernstein’s concept, symbolic control, contributes to a broader understanding of the underlying processes and outcomes of the study. The findings revealed that the strategically monitored multi-voiced participation of local stakeholders created a learning space where both scientific and indigenous knowledge were blended, and thereby creating solutions to preventive action meeting the local needs. The study exemplifies these processes by identifying contradictions between the various levels and activity systems involved, by listing some of their characteristics, manifestations and finally their negotiated solutions. These solutions, or the third space interventions, the outcome of the multi-voiced participation, is in the paper used to explore a theoretical framework for an ethical and decolonized development strategy; a precondition for sustained local development. View Full-Text
Keywords: multi-, levelled and voiced strategy; decolonized approach; HIV/AIDS prevention; localization; transformation; cultural historical activity theory; Western and Indigenous epistemologies; third space; sustainable development multi-, levelled and voiced strategy; decolonized approach; HIV/AIDS prevention; localization; transformation; cultural historical activity theory; Western and Indigenous epistemologies; third space; sustainable development
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Carm, E. Exploring a Third Space for Sustainable Educational Development—HIV/AIDS Prevention, Zambia. Sustainability 2018, 10, 946.

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