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Environmental Values (2-MEV) and Appreciation of Nature

Didactics of Biology, Z-MNU (Centre of Math & Science Education), University of Bayreuth, NW-1, D-95447 Bayreuth, Germany
Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 350;
Received: 7 December 2017 / Revised: 23 January 2018 / Accepted: 23 January 2018 / Published: 30 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Teaching and Learning for Sustainability)
When monitoring the long history of empirical instruments for environmental attitude measurement, the Two Major Environmental Value model (2-MEV) with its two higher order factors: Preservation (PRE) and Utilization (UTL) has repeatedly and independently been confirmed. PRE assesses preferences towards conservation of nature and the environment, whilst UTL measures preferences towards utilization/exploitation of nature. The latter, however, does not yet include the positive aspects of benefitting from the (enjoyable) use of nature. Consequently, besides the established 2-MEV-battery, additional items from an “Appreciation of Nature” (APR) scale were applied to an Irish sample of 289 secondary school students (age: M = 14.3 years). Responses to the altogether 30-item battery were applied on an oblique rotation by using the Promax procedure: UTL and PRE appeared as orthogonally related factors, APR correlated to PRE with 0.283. Based on loading scores, the item number for each subscale was further reduced to make the analysis more manageable in educational outreach sites; on those sites, where completing questionnaires may well be quite unpopular, they are very much needed for planning and fine-tuning educational programs. Therefore, extending the 2-MEV scale with an added scale for Appreciation may help: (i) to judge participants’ feedback for adjusting/balancing program contents better; and (ii) to promote appreciation as a successful strategy for shifting individuals away from their individual exploitative preferences. View Full-Text
Keywords: 2-MEV model; utilization; appreciation; preservation; environmental attitudes and values; gender 2-MEV model; utilization; appreciation; preservation; environmental attitudes and values; gender
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bogner, F.X. Environmental Values (2-MEV) and Appreciation of Nature. Sustainability 2018, 10, 350.

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Bogner FX. Environmental Values (2-MEV) and Appreciation of Nature. Sustainability. 2018; 10(2):350.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bogner, Franz X. 2018. "Environmental Values (2-MEV) and Appreciation of Nature" Sustainability 10, no. 2: 350.

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