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What Is Going on with Stakeholder Theory in Project Management Literature? A Symbiotic Relationship for Sustainability

Results from On-The-Ground Efforts to Promote Sustainable Cattle Ranching in the Brazilian Amazon

Conservation Science Group, Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, David Attenborough Building, Pembroke Street, Cambridge CB2 3EQ, UK
Institute for Conservation and Sustainable Development of the Amazon, Rua Barão de Solimões 12, Manaus, AM 69058-250, Brazil
Embrapa Agriculture Informatics, Av. André Tosello, nº 209, Campus da Unicamp, Campinas, SP 13083-886, Brazil
Instituto Centro de Vida, Av. Ariosto da Riva, 3473- St E, Alta Floresta, MT 78580-000, Brazil
Grupo de Trabalho da Pecuária Sustentável, Av. Paulista 1754 -Cj. 146, Bela Vista, SP 01310-920, Brazil
Via Verde Consultoria Agropecuária em Sistemas Tropicais, Rua Mariana Amaral 138, São Sebastião do Paraíso, MG 37950-000, Brazil
The Nature Conservancy, Belém, PA 66035-115, Brazil
Department of Geography, University of Florida, 3141Turlington Hall, Gainesville, FL 32611-7315, USA
Instituto de Manejo e Certificação Florestal e Agrícola, Estrada Chico Mendes 185, Piracicaba, SP 13426-420, Brazil
International Institute for Sustainability, Estrada Dona Castorina 124, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 22460-320, Brazil
Rio Conservation and Sustainability Science Centre, Department of Geography and the Environment, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 22453-900, Brazil
Embrapa Acre. Rodovia BR-364, km 14, Caixa Postal 321., Rio Branco, SC 69908-970, Brazil
School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
Institute of Agricultural Engineering and Informatics, Faculty of Production and Power Engineering, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Balicka 116B, 30-149 Krakow, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(4), 1301;
Received: 12 March 2018 / Revised: 14 April 2018 / Accepted: 16 April 2018 / Published: 23 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmentally Sustainable Livestock Production)
Agriculture in Brazil is booming. Brazil has the world’s second largest cattle herd and is the second largest producer of soybeans, with the production of beef, soybeans, and bioethanol forecast to increase further. Questions remain, however, about how Brazil can reconcile increases in agricultural production with protection of its remaining natural vegetation. While high hopes have been placed on the potential for intensification of low-productivity cattle ranching to spare land for other agricultural uses, cattle productivity in the Amazon biome (29% of the Brazilian cattle herd) remains stubbornly low, and it is not clear how to realize theoretical productivity gains in practice. We provide results from six initiatives in the Brazilian Amazon, which are successfully improving cattle productivity in beef and dairy production on more than 500,000 hectares of pastureland, while supporting compliance with the Brazilian Forest Code. Spread across diverse geographies, and using a wide range of technologies, participating farms have improved productivity by 30–490%. High-productivity cattle ranching requires some initial investment (R$1300–6900/ha or US$410–2180/ha), with average pay-back times of 2.5–8.5 years. We conclude by reflecting on the challenges that must be overcome to scale up these young initiatives, avoid rebound increases in deforestation, and mainstream sustainable cattle ranching in the Amazon. View Full-Text
Keywords: livestock; Amazon; beef; dairy; sustainable intensification; land sparing livestock; Amazon; beef; dairy; sustainable intensification; land sparing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zu Ermgassen, E.K.H.J.; Alcântara, M.P.d.; Balmford, A.; Barioni, L.; Neto, F.B.; Bettarello, M.M.F.; Brito, G.D.; Carrero, G.C.; Florence, E.D.A.S.; Garcia, E.; Gonçalves, E.T.; Da Luz, C.T.; Mallman, G.M.; Strassburg, B.B.N.; Valentim, J.F.; Latawiec, A. Results from On-The-Ground Efforts to Promote Sustainable Cattle Ranching in the Brazilian Amazon. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1301.

AMA Style

Zu Ermgassen EKHJ, Alcântara MPd, Balmford A, Barioni L, Neto FB, Bettarello MMF, Brito GD, Carrero GC, Florence EDAS, Garcia E, Gonçalves ET, Da Luz CT, Mallman GM, Strassburg BBN, Valentim JF, Latawiec A. Results from On-The-Ground Efforts to Promote Sustainable Cattle Ranching in the Brazilian Amazon. Sustainability. 2018; 10(4):1301.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zu Ermgassen, Erasmus K.H.J., Melquesedek P.d. Alcântara, Andrew Balmford, Luis Barioni, Francisco B. Neto, Murilo M.F. Bettarello, Genivaldo D. Brito, Gabriel C. Carrero, Eduardo D.A.S. Florence, Edenise Garcia, Eduardo T. Gonçalves, Casio T. Da Luz, Giovanni M. Mallman, Bernardo B.N. Strassburg, Judson F. Valentim, and Agnieszka Latawiec. 2018. "Results from On-The-Ground Efforts to Promote Sustainable Cattle Ranching in the Brazilian Amazon" Sustainability 10, no. 4: 1301.

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