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Open AccessArticle

Effects of ERV Filter Degradation on Indoor CO2 Levels of a Classroom

Department of Architectural Engineering, Inha University, Incheon 22212, Korea
Air Solution B2B Sales Engineering Team, LG Electronics, Seoul 07336, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(4), 1215;
Received: 27 March 2018 / Revised: 12 April 2018 / Accepted: 13 April 2018 / Published: 17 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Engineering and Science)
Energy recovery ventilators (ERVs) are widely used to reduce energy losses caused by ventilation and improve indoor air quality for recently-constructed buildings. It is important for spaces with high occupancy density and longer residence times, such as classrooms. In classrooms, the ERV size is typically estimated by the target number of students in the design phase, but the design air volume flow rates (m3/h) of the ERV can decrease over time owing to filter degradation such as increased dust loading. In this study, field tests are conducted in a classroom to investigate filter degradation through a visual inspection and by measuring the air volume flow rates at the diffusers connected to the ERV. In addition, variations in carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations are also measured to verify the effects of filter degradation on the indoor CO2 levels over the entire test period, which includes filter replacement, as well. As the tests are conducted during classes, several adjusting methodologies are proposed to match the different test conditions. The results show that the total air volume flow rate of the ERV increases after the filter replacement (546 to 766 m3/h), but it again decreases as time elapses (659 m3/h). Accordingly, the indoor CO2 concentration decreases after the filter replacement by more than 300 ppm (1404 to 1085 ppm), clearly showing the effect of filter degradation. However, this CO2 concentration remains similar for four months after the replacement, and the total air volume rate decreases again. An interpretation is made using computational fluid dynamics analysis that the measured CO2 concentrations are affected by airflow patterns. The airflow in the cooling system may dilute CO2 concentrations at the measuring location. Thus, periodic filter replacement and management are important to ensure the desired ERV air volume rates and consequently the desired indoor CO2 concentrations. View Full-Text
Keywords: filter degradation; CO2 concentration; energy recovery ventilator filter degradation; CO2 concentration; energy recovery ventilator
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MDPI and ACS Style

Choi, J.-S.; Lee, J.-H.; Kim, E.-J. Effects of ERV Filter Degradation on Indoor CO2 Levels of a Classroom. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1215.

AMA Style

Choi J-S, Lee J-H, Kim E-J. Effects of ERV Filter Degradation on Indoor CO2 Levels of a Classroom. Sustainability. 2018; 10(4):1215.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Choi, Jae-Sol; Lee, Jae-Hyuk; Kim, Eui-Jong. 2018. "Effects of ERV Filter Degradation on Indoor CO2 Levels of a Classroom" Sustainability 10, no. 4: 1215.

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