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Blockchain Enhanced Emission Trading Framework in Fashion Apparel Manufacturing Industry

by 1, 2,* and 1
1
Fashion and Design College, Donghua University, Shanghai 200051, China
2
Department of Structural Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(4), 1105; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10041105
Received: 19 March 2018 / Revised: 4 April 2018 / Accepted: 4 April 2018 / Published: 7 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
Motivated by the recent blockchain technology originally built for bitcoin transactions, various industries are exploring the opportunities to redefine their existing operational systems. In this study, an innovative environmentally sustainable solution is proposed for the fashion apparel manufacturing industry (FAMI), which is energized by blockchain. Incorporating the Emission Trading Scheme (ETS), and a novel “emission link” system, the proposed framework exposes carbon emission to the public and establishes a feature to reduce the emissions for all key steps of clothing making. Fully compatible with Industry 4.0, blockchain provides decentralization, transparency, automation, and immutability characteristics to the proposed framework. Specifically, the blockchain supported ETS framework, the carbon emissions of clothing manufacturing life cycle, and the emission link powered procedures are introduced in detail. A case study is provided to demonstrate the carbon emission evaluation procedure. Finally, a multi-criteria evaluation is performed to demonstrate the benefits and drawbacks of the proposed system. View Full-Text
Keywords: blockchain; sustainability; fashion apparel industry; carbon trading; energy economics; Industry 4.0 blockchain; sustainability; fashion apparel industry; carbon trading; energy economics; Industry 4.0
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Fu, B.; Shu, Z.; Liu, X. Blockchain Enhanced Emission Trading Framework in Fashion Apparel Manufacturing Industry. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1105.

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