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Measuring Baseline Agriculture-Related Sustainable Development Goals Index for Southern Africa

International Water Management Institute, Southern Africa Regional Office, 141 Cresswell St, Weavind Park, Pretoria 0184, South Africa
Department of Finance and Economics, Graduate School of Business Leadership, University of South Africa, Midrand 1685, South Africa
Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(3), 849;
Received: 20 February 2018 / Revised: 9 March 2018 / Accepted: 13 March 2018 / Published: 16 March 2018
Sustainable development has become the main focus of the global development agenda as presented in the 2015 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). However, for countries to assess progress, they need to have reliable baseline indicators. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to develop a composite baseline index of the agriculture-related SDGs in Southern Africa to guide progress reporting. The paper identified eight of the SDG indicators related to the agriculture sector. The paper relies on data for indicators from five SDGs (SDGs 1, 2, 6, 7 and 15). Applying the arithmetic mean method of aggregation, an agriculture-related SDG composite index for Southern Africa between zero (0 = poor performance) and 100 (best possible performance) was computed for thirteen countries that had data on all identified indicators. The results show that the best performing countries (Botswana, Angola, Namibia, Zambia and South Africa) in the assessment recorded high scores in SDGs 1, 2 and 7. The three countries (Democratic Republic of Congo, Zimbabwe and Madagascar) that performed poorly on both SDG 1 and 2 also had the least scores on the overall agriculture-related SDG composite index. The water stress indicator for SDG 6 recorded the worst performance among most countries in the region. Possible approaches to improve the contribution of agriculture to SDGs may include investing more resources in priority areas for each agriculture-related SDG depending on baseline country conditions. The implementation, monitoring and evaluation of regional and continental commitments in the agriculture sector and the SDGs are critical for achievement of the targets at the national and local levels. While the methods employed are well-grounded in literature, data unavailability for some of the SDGs in some countries presented a limitation to the study, and future efforts should focus on collecting data for the other SDGs in order to permit a wider application. View Full-Text
Keywords: agriculture; SDGs; baseline composite index; Southern Africa agriculture; SDGs; baseline composite index; Southern Africa
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nhemachena, C.; Matchaya, G.; Nhemachena, C.R.; Karuaihe, S.; Muchara, B.; Nhlengethwa, S. Measuring Baseline Agriculture-Related Sustainable Development Goals Index for Southern Africa. Sustainability 2018, 10, 849.

AMA Style

Nhemachena C, Matchaya G, Nhemachena CR, Karuaihe S, Muchara B, Nhlengethwa S. Measuring Baseline Agriculture-Related Sustainable Development Goals Index for Southern Africa. Sustainability. 2018; 10(3):849.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nhemachena, Charles, Greenwell Matchaya, Charity R. Nhemachena, Selma Karuaihe, Binganidzo Muchara, and Sibusiso Nhlengethwa. 2018. "Measuring Baseline Agriculture-Related Sustainable Development Goals Index for Southern Africa" Sustainability 10, no. 3: 849.

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