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Sustainability 2018, 10(3), 782; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10030782

A Review of Last Mile Logistics Innovations in an Externalities Cost Reduction Vision

1
Department of Innovation and Engineering, Università del Salento, 73100 Lecce, Italy
2
Department of Mechanics, Mathematics and Management, Politecnico di Bari, 70126 Bari, Italy
3
Department of Electrical and Information Engineering, Politecnico di Bari, 70126 Bari, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 December 2017 / Revised: 8 March 2018 / Accepted: 9 March 2018 / Published: 12 March 2018
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Abstract

In this paper, a review of the recent scientific literature contributions on innovative strategies for last mile logistics, focusing on externalities cost reduction, is presented. Transport is causing problems in urban areas, in particular in freight transport: modern cities need solutions to reduce externalities costs such as congestion, pollution and others, which have increased in the last few years, especially due to the growth of goods delivery. Online sales and globalization lead to new trends in freight transport, and moreover, a larger quantity of goods is expected to be delivered in the next future. In this context, most of the delivered goods end up in the city centers. Last mile logistics is the least efficient stage of the supply chain and comprises up to 28% of the total delivery cost. Therefore, the improvement of last mile logistics and a significant externalities reduction are very important challenges for researchers. New technologies and transport means, innovative techniques and organizational strategies allow handling in a more effective way the last mile delivery in urban areas. Based on the Systematic Literature Review (SLR) method, recent papers that significantly contributed, with original proposals, to the reduction of externalities in urban logistics are identified and analyzed in this work. Furthermore, a classification of the papers dealing with the externality reduction problem is presented. It is consistent with a general formulation proposed to evaluate external costs in urban area. The innovative contributions are classified into five main categories: innovative vehicles, proximity stations or points, collaborative and cooperative urban logistics, optimization of transport management and routing, innovations in public policies and infrastructures. The new paradigm of smart logistics is based on the combination of these concepts and on the proposed innovations. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban logistics; last mile delivery; smart cities; transport externalities; Systematic Literature Review (SLR) urban logistics; last mile delivery; smart cities; transport externalities; Systematic Literature Review (SLR)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Ranieri, L.; Digiesi, S.; Silvestri, B.; Roccotelli, M. A Review of Last Mile Logistics Innovations in an Externalities Cost Reduction Vision. Sustainability 2018, 10, 782.

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