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A Multi-Criteria Goal Programming Model to Analyze the Sustainable Goals of India

1
Department of Statistics & Operations Research, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202002, India
2
Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus-Senftenberg, Platz der Deutschen Einheit 1, 03046 Cottbus, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(3), 778; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10030778
Received: 27 November 2017 / Revised: 26 February 2018 / Accepted: 9 March 2018 / Published: 12 March 2018
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Abstract

There is an ever-growing demand for sustainable development (SD) plans, in order to foster a country’s economic growth by implementing suitable policies and initiative programs for the development of the primary, the secondary and the tertiary sectors. We present a multi-criteria modeling approach using the linear programming problem (LPP) framework for a simultaneous optimization of these three sectors. Furthermore, we develop a fuzzy goal programming (FGP) model that provides an optimal allocation of resources by achieving future goals on the gross domestic product (GDP), the electricity consumption (EC) and the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Furthermore, a weighted model of FGP is presented to obtain varying solutions according to the priorities set by the decision-maker for achieving future goals of GDP growth, EC and GHG emissions. The presented models provide useful insight for decision-makers when implementing strategies across different sectors. As a model country, we chose India by the year 2030. A study of economic policies and sustainable development goals (SDGs) for India is finally carried out. View Full-Text
Keywords: fuzzy goal programming; weighted fuzzy goal programming; multi-objective linear programming; sustainable and economic development, socio-economic policies fuzzy goal programming; weighted fuzzy goal programming; multi-objective linear programming; sustainable and economic development, socio-economic policies
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Gupta, S.; Fügenschuh, A.; Ali, I. A Multi-Criteria Goal Programming Model to Analyze the Sustainable Goals of India. Sustainability 2018, 10, 778.

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