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Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 287;

Inelastic Supply of Fossil Energy and Competing Environmental Regulatory Policies

Graduate School of Economics, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 January 2018 / Revised: 18 January 2018 / Accepted: 20 January 2018 / Published: 23 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
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The inelastic supply of fossil energy in the international input market precipitates failure of Pigouvian taxation consequent to competition among governments, as imposition of an environmental tax increases (decreases) the marginal cost of domestic (foreign) firms. This paper demonstrates that unless the supply of fossil energy is perfectly elastic, cap-and-trade outperforms Pigouvian taxation in terms of the domestic welfare of adopting countries, and global welfare is maximized when all countries implement the alternative scheme. We further demonstrate that the linkage of permit markets, when the energy supply is sufficiently inelastic, improves global welfare. View Full-Text
Keywords: fossil energy supply; regulatory competition; cap-and-trade fossil energy supply; regulatory competition; cap-and-trade

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Hong, S.; Sim, S.-G. Inelastic Supply of Fossil Energy and Competing Environmental Regulatory Policies. Sustainability 2018, 10, 287.

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