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Making Virtue Out of Necessity: Managing the Citrus Waste Supply Chain for Bioeconomy Applications

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Department of Law, Economic, Management and Quantitative Methods, University of Sannio, via Delle Puglie 82, 82100 Benevento, Italy
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Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, via Università, 100, 80055 Portici, Naples, Italy
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Department of Agricultural, Food and Environmental (Di3A), University of Catania, via Valdisavoia, 5, 95123 Catania, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(12), 4821; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124821
Received: 22 October 2018 / Revised: 10 December 2018 / Accepted: 11 December 2018 / Published: 17 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Agriculture)
The efficient use of agricultural wastes and by-products, which essentially transforms waste materials into value-added products, is considered as pivotal for an effective bioeconomy strategy for the rural development. Within this scope, citrus waste management represents a major issue for citrus processors. However, it also represents a potentially unexploited resource for rural sustainable development. This study focuses on analyzing the current management of citrus waste in South Italy, and on identifying the determinants and barriers that may affect an entrepreneur’s choice in the destination of citrus waste. This study investigates the preferences of citrus processors regarding the contract characteristics necessary to take part in a co-investment scheme. Both analyses are preliminary steps in designing an innovative and sustainable citrus by-product supply chain. Results show that the distance between the citrus processors and the citrus by-products plant is one of the main criteria for choosing alternative valorization pathways. Moreover, guaranteed capital, a short duration of the contract, and reduced risk are contract scheme characteristics that improve entrepreneurs’ willingness to co-invest in the development of a citrus waste multifunctional plant. The overall applied approach can be extended to other contexts for designing new and innovative by-product supply chains, thereby enhancing the implementation of bioeconomy strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: bio-economy; agricultural by-product; horizontal coordination; contract mechanism; choice model; waste valorization bio-economy; agricultural by-product; horizontal coordination; contract mechanism; choice model; waste valorization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Raimondo, M.; Caracciolo, F.; Cembalo, L.; Chinnici, G.; Pecorino, B.; D’Amico, M. Making Virtue Out of Necessity: Managing the Citrus Waste Supply Chain for Bioeconomy Applications. Sustainability 2018, 10, 4821. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124821

AMA Style

Raimondo M, Caracciolo F, Cembalo L, Chinnici G, Pecorino B, D’Amico M. Making Virtue Out of Necessity: Managing the Citrus Waste Supply Chain for Bioeconomy Applications. Sustainability. 2018; 10(12):4821. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124821

Chicago/Turabian Style

Raimondo, Maria, Francesco Caracciolo, Luigi Cembalo, Gaetano Chinnici, Biagio Pecorino, and Mario D’Amico. 2018. "Making Virtue Out of Necessity: Managing the Citrus Waste Supply Chain for Bioeconomy Applications" Sustainability 10, no. 12: 4821. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124821

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