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Sustainability 2018, 10(11), 4132; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10114132

The Effects of the RCS’s Application in the Value Added Tax Collecting Process on the Perception of SME Taxpayer in Korea’s Trade Activity: Transparency and Fairness in Trade

Department of Business Administration, Seoul National University of Science and Technology, Seoul 01811, Korea
Received: 29 August 2018 / Revised: 31 October 2018 / Accepted: 6 November 2018 / Published: 10 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in SMEs)
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Abstract

Value Added Tax (VAT) is the largest source of global tax revenue. However, it faces issues of tax avoidance, such as the black-market and missing trader intra-community fraud. Many studies have postulated that the introduction of the Reverse Charge System (RCS) will contribute to the enhancement of transparency and fairness in trade for small and medium enterprises (SMEs) that supply goods or provide services. This study analyzes SME taxpayers’ perception of transparency and fairness in trade resulting from the introduction of the RCS into the South Korean VAT system. In B2B transactions that handle gold, copper, and steel scrap, large companies often abuse their bargaining power over smaller firms by not paying VAT with their purchase or reducing the prices to equal VAT, leading to low trade transparency. When it comes to gold, copper and steel scrap trading, the imbalance in bargaining power results in one of the parties being unable to reap maximum benefits because of unfairness. SMEs with relatively weak bargaining power suffer from unfair trading practices such as price cutting and the imposition of VAT by their counterparts. Since the introduction of the RCS, however, SME taxpayers appear to believe that trade fairness has improved. This study’s findings reveal that SMEs are more likely to perceive improvement in trade transparency and fairness since the implementation of the RCS, indicating that the RCS has exerted a positive influence on SMEs. This study provides important policy implications for countries that intend to implement the RCS by offering empirical evidence of its benefits. View Full-Text
Keywords: SME sustainability; Reverse Charge System; trade fairness; trade transparency; Value Added Tax; tax collection system SME sustainability; Reverse Charge System; trade fairness; trade transparency; Value Added Tax; tax collection system
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Yoon, S.M. The Effects of the RCS’s Application in the Value Added Tax Collecting Process on the Perception of SME Taxpayer in Korea’s Trade Activity: Transparency and Fairness in Trade. Sustainability 2018, 10, 4132.

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