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Article

How Young “Early Birds” Prefer Preservation, Appreciation and Utilization of Nature

1
Didactics of Biology, Z-MNU (Centre of Math & Science Education), University of Bayreuth, NW-1, Campus, D-95447 Bayreuth, Germany
2
Department of Biology, Eberhard Karls University of Tuebingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 24, D-72076 Tuebingen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(11), 4000; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10114000
Received: 17 September 2018 / Revised: 24 October 2018 / Accepted: 29 October 2018 / Published: 1 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Education and Approaches)
Since the 1990s, the Two Major Environmental Value model (2-MEV) has been applied to measure adolescent environmental attitudes by covering two higher order factors: (i) Preservation of Nature (PRE) which measures protection preferences and (ii) Utilization of Nature (UTL) which quantifies preferences towards exploitation of nature. In addition to the 2-MEV scale, we monitored the Appreciation of Nature (APR) which, in contrast to the UTL, monitors the enjoyable utilization of nature. Finally, we employed the Morningness–Eveningness Scale for Children (MESC) which monitors the diurnal preferences and associates with personality and behavioral traits. In this study, we analyzed data from 429 Irish students (14.65 years; ±1.89 SD) with the aim of reconfirming the factor structure of the 2-MEV+APR and monitoring the relationship between the MESC and the environmental values (PRE, UTL, APR). Our findings identified a significant association between PRE and APR with MESC. In addition, we observed a gender difference. Our results suggest that morningness preference students are more likely to be protective of and appreciative towards nature. Recommendations for outreach programs as well as conclusions for environmental education initiatives in general are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: 2-MEV model; preservation; appreciation; utilization; environmental attitudes; circadian preference; morningness–eveningness 2-MEV model; preservation; appreciation; utilization; environmental attitudes; circadian preference; morningness–eveningness
MDPI and ACS Style

Raab, P.; Randler, C.; Bogner, F.X. How Young “Early Birds” Prefer Preservation, Appreciation and Utilization of Nature. Sustainability 2018, 10, 4000. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10114000

AMA Style

Raab P, Randler C, Bogner FX. How Young “Early Birds” Prefer Preservation, Appreciation and Utilization of Nature. Sustainability. 2018; 10(11):4000. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10114000

Chicago/Turabian Style

Raab, Patricia; Randler, Christoph; Bogner, Franz X. 2018. "How Young “Early Birds” Prefer Preservation, Appreciation and Utilization of Nature" Sustainability 10, no. 11: 4000. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10114000

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