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Sustainability 2018, 10(1), 281;

Eco-Efficiency Actions and Firm Growth in European SMEs

Research Group of Industry and Territory, Department of Economics—CREIP, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Av. Universitat, 1, 43204 Reus, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 December 2017 / Revised: 15 January 2018 / Accepted: 16 January 2018 / Published: 22 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmentally Sustainable Competitive Strategies)
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This study investigates the effects of eco-efficiency actions on firm performance in terms of sales growth in an extensive sample of 11,336 small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) located in 28 European countries. Our empirical results suggest that not all eco-strategies are positively related to better performance, at least not in the short term. We found that European companies using renewable energies, and recycling or designing products that are easier to maintain, repair, or reuse, perform better. Those that aim to reduce water or energy pollution, however, seemed to show a negative correlation to firm growth. Our results also indicate that high investment in eco-strategies improves firm growth, particularly in new members that joined the EU from 2004 onwards. Finally, we observed a U-shaped relationship between eco-strategies and firm growth, which indicates that a greater breadth of eco-strategies is associated with better firm performance. However, few European SMEs are able to either invest heavily or undertake multiple eco-strategies, thus leaving room for policy interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: eco-strategy; firm growth; Europe; SMEs eco-strategy; firm growth; Europe; SMEs

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Jové-Llopis, E.; Segarra-Blasco, A. Eco-Efficiency Actions and Firm Growth in European SMEs. Sustainability 2018, 10, 281.

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