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Governance Challenges in an Eastern Indonesian Forest Landscape

Centre for Tropical Environmental and Sustainability Science, College of Science and Engineering, James Cook University, Cairns, QLD 4870, Australia
Tanah Air Beta, Batu Karu, Tabanan, Bali 82152, Indonesia
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Indonesia, Campus UI Depok, Java Barat 16424, Indonesia
Faculty of Forestry, Department of Forest & Conservation Sciences, University of British Columbia, 2329 West Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
The Supreme Audit Board of Indonesia, Jln Jend. Gatot Subroto No. 31, Jakarta Pusat 10210, Indonesia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(1), 169;
Received: 24 October 2017 / Revised: 17 December 2017 / Accepted: 7 January 2018 / Published: 11 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Landscape Management)
PDF [1591 KB, uploaded 11 January 2018]


Integrated approaches to natural resource management are often undermined by fundamental governance weaknesses. We studied governance of a forest landscape in East Lombok, Indonesia. Forest Management Units (Kesatuan Pengelolaan Hutan or KPH) are an institutional mechanism used in Indonesia for coordinating the management of competing sectors in forest landscapes, balancing the interests of government, business, and civil society. Previous reviews of KPHs indicate they are not delivering their potential benefits due to an uncertain legal mandate and inadequate resources. We utilized participatory methods with a broad range of stakeholders in East Lombok to examine how KPHs might improve institutional arrangements to better meet forest landscape goals. We find that KPHs are primarily limited by insufficient integration with other actors in the landscape. Thus, strengthened engagement with other institutions, as well as civil society, is required. Although new governance arrangements that allow for institutional collaboration and community engagement are needed in the long term, there are steps that the East Lombok KPH can take now. Coordinating institutional commitments and engaging civil society to reconcile power asymmetries and build consensus can help promote sustainable outcomes. Our study concludes that improved multi-level, polycentric governance arrangements between government, NGOs, the private sector, and civil society are required to achieve sustainable landscapes in Lombok. The lessons from Lombok can inform forest landscape governance improvements throughout Indonesia and the tropics. View Full-Text
Keywords: integrated natural resource management; polycentric landscape governance; Indonesia; theory of change integrated natural resource management; polycentric landscape governance; Indonesia; theory of change

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Riggs, R.A.; Langston, J.D.; Margules, C.; Boedhihartono, A.K.; Lim, H.S.; Sari, D.A.; Sururi, Y.; Sayer, J. Governance Challenges in an Eastern Indonesian Forest Landscape. Sustainability 2018, 10, 169.

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