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Collaborative Landscape Planning: Co-Design of Ecosystem-Based Land Management Scenarios

Ecological Economics Group, Department of Business Administration, Economics and Law, Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg, 26111 Oldenburg, Germany
Landscape Ecology Group, Institute of Biology and Environmental Sciences, Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg, 26111 Oldenburg, Germany
COAST—Centre for Environmental and Sustainability Research, Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg, 26111 Oldenburg, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2017, 9(9), 1668;
Received: 1 August 2017 / Revised: 12 September 2017 / Accepted: 18 September 2017 / Published: 20 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Landscape Management)
PDF [1490 KB, uploaded 21 September 2017]


Land management in coastal areas has to cope with impacts of climate change and sea level rise. In Germany, landscape plans assess and organize the spatial allocation of land use as an environmental contribution to general spatial planning. Collaborative planning processes are important to develop sustainable and ecosystem-based strategies to make coastal landscapes climate proof. However, there is little experience with collaborative processes in practical planning in Germany, and probably in other countries as well. This paper conducts an empirical case study in the low-lying coastal areas of northwest Germany. During a collaborative landscape planning process, four different ecosystem-based land management scenarios have been co-designed by regional experts and researchers. The participatory and iterative process included the development of scenario narratives to define planning goals, the use of land use elements and their relations to ecosystem services as planning entities in terms of indicators, the art-based illustrations of the different scenarios, and an evaluation and monitoring of the outcomes by regional experts. The decision-maker group decided on the so-called “actor-based” scenario, which contained freshwater retention areas (polders) to prevent potential uncontrolled flooding of the hinterland. This climate adaptation strategy has been implemented in the regional development plan of the county. View Full-Text
Keywords: co-design; collaborative landscape planning; ecosystem-based management co-design; collaborative landscape planning; ecosystem-based management

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Karrasch, L.; Maier, M.; Kleyer, M.; Klenke, T. Collaborative Landscape Planning: Co-Design of Ecosystem-Based Land Management Scenarios. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1668.

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