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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

Policy strategies for an emergent technology: lessons from the analysis of EV-policy in 8 North- European countries

The Netherlands School of Public Administration (NSOB) in The Hague, The Netherlands
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World Electr. Veh. J. 2015, 7(4), 710-721; https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj7040710
Published: 28 December 2015
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Abstract

This paper presents data from a comparative study of EV-policies in 8 different North-European countries, that maps out all of the policies of these countries (and a range of regions and cities) that target passenger vehicles (PHEV and BEV), chargers (home, private, public; level 1-3), and policies that target the emobility eco-system or supporting network, in time-period 2012-2014. The main findings are that 1) there is wide variance of policies put out by the different countries, 2) these policies are hardly part of a coherent policy-strategy, and 3) mainly address the introduction of e-mobility as an issue of "piling up" enough incentives to overcome early market problems (e.g. high costs, reticent customers, slow adaptation of regulation). Most countries we studied were able to meet short-term policy-ambitions, and some have even surpassed those ambitions; Netherlands and Norway for instance are ahead of their targets, both in numbers of vehicles and chargers. However, if we compare the currently applied policies to the medium- and longer term ambitions, these policies are hardly viable. Therefore, argue for alternative policy strategies that do not "pile up" incentives, but look at "mixes" of policies that instigate a self-reinforcing loop in the adoption to EV's.
Keywords: Public Policy; Policy Strategy; Governance; Comparative study; Complexity Public Policy; Policy Strategy; Governance; Comparative study; Complexity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Van der Steen, M.; Van Schelven, R.; Van Deventer, P.; Van Twist, M.; Kotter, R. Policy strategies for an emergent technology: lessons from the analysis of EV-policy in 8 North- European countries. World Electr. Veh. J. 2015, 7, 710-721.

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