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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

IMPACT OF PENETRATION OF ELECTRIC VEHICLES ON INDIAN POWER GRID

Department of Electrical Engineering Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat, Gujarat, India
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World Electr. Veh. J. 2015, 7(4), 518-529; https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj7040518
Published: 28 December 2015
PDF [857 KB, uploaded 18 May 2018]

Abstract

The research on impacts of electric vehicles on Indian power grid is motivated to enhance development of electric vehicle in India against the burning issues of rising fuel demand and the nation’s dependency on other countries for fuel which largely affects the GDP of nation. India has declared E-mobility mission plan to deploy 4,00,000 passenger electric vehicles by 2020. If this target is achieved India can avoid importing 120 million barrels of oil and avoid 4 million tonnes of CO2 emissions by 2020. In future, as demand of electric vehicles increases, charging issues while connecting electric vehicle to grid also increases. This paper presents various aspects in terms of challenges and issues when electric vehicle is charged from grid and also the benefits, potential services and applications of electric vehicle in V2G mode. Effect of electric vehicle penetration on distribution grid is carried out in matlab simulink environment to observe effects on different electrical parameters like dc bus voltage, current, active power, reactive power, harmonics and power factor. Concept of vector control technique for voltage source converter is developed for stabilizing grid against penetration of electric vehicle. Control technique implemented here gives fast dynamic response, reduces harmonics and improves power factor with constant dc bus voltage. Concept shown here will be very useful for fast dc charging of electric vehicle batteries. Battery modelling described with the concept of extracting parameters from manufacturers discharge characteristics gives fast and effective solution and will be useful for not only Li-Ion batteries but also for Ni-Mh and Lead-acid batteries.
Keywords: vectorcontrol; grossdomesticproduct; phaselocked loop; voltage source converter; mobility mission plan vectorcontrol; grossdomesticproduct; phaselocked loop; voltage source converter; mobility mission plan
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Mokariya, K.L.; Shah, V.A.; Lokhande, M.M. IMPACT OF PENETRATION OF ELECTRIC VEHICLES ON INDIAN POWER GRID. World Electr. Veh. J. 2015, 7, 518-529.

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