Next Article in Journal
Analysis of Fuel Cell Vehicle Customer Usage and Hydrogen Refueling Patterns – Comparison of Private and Fleet Customers
Previous Article in Journal
Failsafe Control Methods for EVs with the Failsafe Structure Driven by Front and Rear Wheels Independently
Article Menu

Article Versions

Export Article

World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

Enhanced battery model including temperature effects

TNO Science and Industry - Automotive, P.O. Box 756, 5700 AT Helmond, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2013, 6(3), 541-548;
Published: 27 September 2013
PDF [6760 KB, uploaded 18 May 2018]


Within electric and hybrid vehicles, batteries are used to provide/buffer the energy required for driving. However, battery performance varies throughout the temperature range specific to automotive applications, and as such, models that describe this behaviour are required. This paper presents a dynamic battery model describing the battery voltage based on current and temperature. A model identification method is presented and validation tests are performed. The results show that when temperature influences are included in the models, a significant increase in performance can be achieved. Modelling errors lower that 5% are achieved for validation tests conducted at -10°C, 0°C and 10°C, whereas the models that do not consider temperature show errors up to 10%.
Keywords: lithium battery; battery model; battery SoH lithium battery; battery model; battery SoH
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ros¸ca, B.; Wilkins, S. Enhanced battery model including temperature effects. World Electr. Veh. J. 2013, 6, 541-548.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
World Electr. Veh. J. EISSN 2032-6653 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top