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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

Analysis of Current and Projected Battery Manufacturing Costs for Electric, Hybrid, and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Argonne National Laboratory, 955 L’Enfant Plaza, Washington, DC 20024 USA
World Electr. Veh. J. 2010, 4(2), 347-350; https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj4020347
Published: 25 June 2010
PDF [124 KB, uploaded 18 May 2018]

Abstract

There have been a number of recent reports of the current and projected costs of advanced batteries for electric, hybrid, and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). These studies have focused on lithium-ion batteries as the most attractive option for future deployment in these vehicles. The reported costs have varied widely. The objective of this paper is to examine the basis of these assessments, taking particular note of the varying assumptions used regarding such important factors as power-to-energy ratio, battery chemistry, production scale, rated capacity vs. useable capacity, and beginning-of-life vs. end-of-life. A high-power battery at low production volume will have a drastically different cost per kWh compared with a high-energy battery at high-volume production. Furthermore, other factors that are, or are not, included in the costs as reported, such as marketing, warranty, and profit, can have a significant impact on reported costs; the manner in which these factors are treated can account for large differences between a manufacturer’s production cost and the battery selling price.
Keywords: battery; lithium-ion batteries; EV (electric vehicle); PHEV (plug-in hybrid electric vehicle) battery; lithium-ion batteries; EV (electric vehicle); PHEV (plug-in hybrid electric vehicle)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Miller, J.F. Analysis of Current and Projected Battery Manufacturing Costs for Electric, Hybrid, and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles. World Electr. Veh. J. 2010, 4, 347-350.

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