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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

Modelling the RESS: Describing Electrical Parameters of Batteries and Electric Double-Layer Capacitors through Measurements

ing. Bavo Verbrugge, Building Z / Pleinlaan 2 / 1050 Brussel / BELGIUM
ing. Yves Heremans, Building Z / Pleinlaan 2 / 1050 Brussel / BELGIUM
ing. Frederik Van Mulders, Building Z / Pleinlaan 2 / 1050 Brussel / BELGIUM
ir. Hasan Culcu, Building Z / Pleinlaan 2 / 1050 Brussel / BELGIUM
dr. ir. Peter Van den Bossche, Building Z / Pleinlaan 2 / 1050 Brussel / BELGIUM
prof. dr. ir. Joeri Van Mierlo, Building Z / Pleinlaan 2 / 1050 Brussel / BELGIUM
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2009, 3(4), 803-811;
Published: 25 December 2009
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Being able to predict the behaviour of Rechargeable Energy Storage Systems (RESS) such as batteries and Electric Double-Layer Capacitors (EDLC) relies on the models used to represent them. Research on the development and enhancement of these models is performed on two tracks: on one hand by defining the model topology, where a trade-off is sought between the reduction of components in the model equivalent scheme and the ability of the model to describe all potential system behaviour and, on the other hand by improving the method of calculating the magnitudes of the different components in the model. The storage devices examined in this paper are divided in two groups, electrochemical devices and electrical double layer capacitors. The first group consists of lead-acid, lithium, Ni-Cd and Ni-MH batteries. The second group comprises of Electric Double-Layer Capacitors (EDLC). For every model used to describe a battery or EDLC, different techniques are implemented to calculate the magnitude of the components. The work presented in this paper will elaborate to the calculating method used in NREL's FreedomCAR test-manual adapted to fit different battery- and EDLC models. This method consists of an iterative approach to the equations of the model using data gathered from performing tests on the battery or supercapacitor. Validation of the models obtained through this calculating method will be done by performance tests on the storage devices. As the models of batteries and supercapacitors are a key aspect in the simulation software for hybrid-vehicles more accurate models result in more accurate simulations. These simulation programs depend upon the underlying component models, the data generated by which determines the accuracy of the program's data-output. The availability of reliable storage RESS models will thus be a key element in to allow overall vehicle modelling.
Keywords: Battery Model; EDLC; Simulation Battery Model; EDLC; Simulation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Verbrugge, B.; Heremans, Y.; Van Mulders, F.; Culcu, H.; Van den Bossche, P.; Van Mierlo, J. Modelling the RESS: Describing Electrical Parameters of Batteries and Electric Double-Layer Capacitors through Measurements. World Electr. Veh. J. 2009, 3, 803-811.

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