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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

A Comparative Study of 12 Electrically Assisted Bicycles

Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
KaHo-Sint Lieven, Gebroeders Desmetstraat1, 9000 Gent, Belgium
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2009, 3(1), 93-103;
Published: 27 March 2009
PDF [1010 KB, uploaded 14 May 2018]


A sample of 12 electric bicycles offered on the Belgian and Italian markets was the subject of a comparative quality and performance study. This sample contains electric bicycles of different price categories and with different drive technologies. This paper describes the test program that was used for the study and reveals the differences that were observed between the test samples. The electric bicycles were tested on the road in the Brussels region. An appreciation of the electric traction offered by the bicycle in different situations was given: electrical assistance at start, on a flat road, when riding uphill and when decelerating or braking with the bicycle. The vehicle’s driving range under real driving conditions, was determined for the different electric bicycles. Also the electricity consumption when recharging the traction battery was measured and allowed to make an analysis of the cost for driving an electric bicycle. An environmental analysis (well-to-wheel) was made of the electric bicycles and put against the environmental impact of a thermal moped and an electric scooter.
Keywords: light electric vehicle; bicycle; energy consumption; vehicle performance; environment light electric vehicle; bicycle; energy consumption; vehicle performance; environment
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Timmermans, J.-M.; Matheys, J.; Lataire, P.; Van Mierlo, J.; Cappelle, J. A Comparative Study of 12 Electrically Assisted Bicycles. World Electr. Veh. J. 2009, 3, 93-103.

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