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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

# Equivalent Circuit Analysis of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Considering Magnetic saturation

1
Department of Automotive Engineering, Hanyang University, 17 Hangdang-dong, Seongdong-gu, Seoul, Korea
2
HEV System Engineering Team, Hyundai&Kia Motors, Jangduk-Dong, Hwaseong-Si, Gyeonggi-Do, Korea Correspondence
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2009, 3(1), 114-118; https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj3010114
Published: 27 March 2009
Generally, design of the parts of an automobile is restricted by space especially components assembled in the engine room. Therefore traction motor for hybrid electric vehicle is designed by interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM). The IPMSM has high power density and efficiency because it generates not only magnetic torque but also reluctance torque. However, IPMSM is difficult to design due to magnetic saturation and lots of analysis methods are required. Equivalent circuit analysis (ECA) is one of the design methods of IPMSM and it is generally used for characteristics analysis. Using the ECA, we can calculate the characteristics quickly. However, ECA can not estimate line current exactly because of saturation of magnetic core and flux weakening control. In order to perform the ECA exactly, calculation of parameters such as phase resistance, d- and q-axis inductance and no-load linkage flux are important. The phase resistance is simply calculated by using linear equation which is geometrical problem. However, dand q-axis inductance is nonlinear problem which is varied with current level and current angle. Therefore, nonlinear finite element analysis is necessary. Conventional ECA is considered only d- and q-axis inductance profile but no-load linkage flux is considered as constant value. However, no-load linkage flux of IPMSM is also varied according to current level and current angle similar with d- and q-axis inductance profile. Therefore, no-load linkage flux profile which is calculated case of current level and current angle should be considered in the ECA. In this paper, the calculation method of no-load linkage flux profile is introduced firstly and then characteristic of specific model is analyzed with proposed method. The result of line current from improved ECA is compared with experimental result and result of conventional ECA.
MDPI and ACS Style

Jung, J.-W.; Lee, J.-J.; Kwon, S.-O.; Hong, J.-P.; Member, S.; Kim, I.K.-N. Equivalent Circuit Analysis of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Considering Magnetic saturation. World Electr. Veh. J. 2009, 3, 114-118.