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Future Internet 2016, 8(3), 37;

Instagram and WhatsApp in Health and Healthcare: An Overview

The Alexander Graham Bell Centre for Digital Health, University of the Highlands and Islands, Elgin IV30 1JJ, UK
Diamond Health Care Centre, The UBC Biomedical Branch Library, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V5Z 1M9, Canada
Plymouth Institute of Education, University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth PL4 8AA, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dino Giuli
Received: 2 May 2016 / Revised: 8 July 2016 / Accepted: 15 July 2016 / Published: 26 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue e-Health)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1131 KB, uploaded 26 July 2016]   |  


Instagram and WhatsApp are two social media and networking services introduced in 2010. They are currently subsidiaries of Facebook, Inc., California, USA. Using evidence from the published literature and case reports indexed in PubMed and other sources, we present an overview of the various applications of Instagram and WhatsApp in health and healthcare. We also briefly describe the main issues surrounding the uses of these two apps in health and medicine. View Full-Text
Keywords: social media; Instagram; WhatsApp; mHealth; teleconsultation; health; healthcare; medicine social media; Instagram; WhatsApp; mHealth; teleconsultation; health; healthcare; medicine

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Kamel Boulos, M.N.; Giustini, D.M.; Wheeler, S. Instagram and WhatsApp in Health and Healthcare: An Overview. Future Internet 2016, 8, 37.

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