Next Article in Journal
The ARCOMEM Architecture for Social- and Semantic-Driven Web Archiving
Next Article in Special Issue
Using Multilevel Analysis to Examine the Relationship between Upper Secondary Students Internet Safety Awareness, Social Background and Academic Aspirations
Previous Article in Journal
Towards a Conceptual Framework for WikiGIS
Previous Article in Special Issue
Rikki Don’t Lose That Number: Enumerated Human Rights in a Society of Infinite Connections
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Future Internet 2014, 6(4), 673-687;

The Gender Digital Divide in Developing Countries

Australian Digital Futures Institute, University of Southern Queensland, Education City, Sinnathamby Boulevard Springfield Central, Brisbane, QLD 4300, Australia
School of Information and Communication Technology, Griffith University, 170 Kessels Road Nathan, Brisbane, QLD 411, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 September 2014 / Revised: 16 October 2014 / Accepted: 21 October 2014 / Published: 31 October 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Digital Inequalities)
Full-Text   |   PDF [208 KB, uploaded 31 October 2014]


Empirical studies clearly show that women in the developing world have significantly lower technology participation rates than men; a result of entrenched socio-cultural attitudes about the role of women in society. However, as studies are beginning to show, when those women are able to engage with Internet technology, a wide range of personal, family and community benefits become possible. The key to these benefits is on-line education, the access to which sets up a positive feedback loop. This review gives an overview of the digital divide, before focusing specifically on the challenges women in developing countries face in accessing the Internet. Current gender disparities in Internet use will be outlined and the barriers that potentially hinder women’s access and participation in the online world will be considered. We will then look at the potential opportunities for women’s participation in a global digital society along with a consideration of current initiatives that have been developed to mitigate gender inequity in developing countries. We will also consider a promising avenue for future research. View Full-Text
Keywords: gender digital divide; digital literacy; education; developing countries gender digital divide; digital literacy; education; developing countries
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Antonio, A.; Tuffley, D. The Gender Digital Divide in Developing Countries. Future Internet 2014, 6, 673-687.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Future Internet EISSN 1999-5903 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top