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Article

Using Multilevel Analysis to Examine the Relationship between Upper Secondary Students Internet Safety Awareness, Social Background and Academic Aspirations

Norwegian Center for ICT in Education, P.O. Box 1313 Vika, 0112 Oslo, Norway
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Future Internet 2014, 6(4), 717-734; https://doi.org/10.3390/fi6040717
Received: 24 July 2014 / Revised: 18 October 2014 / Accepted: 21 October 2014 / Published: 14 November 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Digital Inequalities)
Since 2009, most Norwegian students in upper secondary have had access to their own personal computer at school. Hence, with the increased access to technology, the importance of online connectedness has increased for adolescents’ social interaction and communication. It is, therefore, important to identify and understand the concept of Internet safety among upper secondary school students. A total of 4216 students from 238 classrooms in 23 upper secondary schools completed an Internet safety assessment. The aim of the study was to operationalize and measure Internet safety in a school context, and to further examine the factors predicting students’ Internet safety awareness and responsibility. Our analysis revealed substantial variation in Internet safety awareness between schools, classrooms and students. Overall, the findings indicate that students’ social backgrounds are determining for their development and understanding of Internet safety awareness. View Full-Text
Keywords: internet safety; multilevel analysis; upper secondary school; classical test theory; cultural capital; language integration; academic aspirations; reading proficiency internet safety; multilevel analysis; upper secondary school; classical test theory; cultural capital; language integration; academic aspirations; reading proficiency
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hatlevik, O.E.; Tømte, K. Using Multilevel Analysis to Examine the Relationship between Upper Secondary Students Internet Safety Awareness, Social Background and Academic Aspirations. Future Internet 2014, 6, 717-734. https://doi.org/10.3390/fi6040717

AMA Style

Hatlevik OE, Tømte K. Using Multilevel Analysis to Examine the Relationship between Upper Secondary Students Internet Safety Awareness, Social Background and Academic Aspirations. Future Internet. 2014; 6(4):717-734. https://doi.org/10.3390/fi6040717

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hatlevik, Ove Edvard, and Karoline Tømte. 2014. "Using Multilevel Analysis to Examine the Relationship between Upper Secondary Students Internet Safety Awareness, Social Background and Academic Aspirations" Future Internet 6, no. 4: 717-734. https://doi.org/10.3390/fi6040717

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