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A Collaborative Merging Strategy with Lane Changing in Multilane Freeway On-Ramp Area with V2X Network

School of Mechanical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China
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Academic Editor: Eirini Eleni Tsiropoulou
Future Internet 2021, 13(5), 123; https://doi.org/10.3390/fi13050123
Received: 20 April 2021 / Revised: 2 May 2021 / Accepted: 7 May 2021 / Published: 10 May 2021
The merging area of the freeway is an area with a high incidence of traffic accidents. With the development of connected and automated vehicles (CAVs) and V2X technology, the traffic efficiency of freeway ramp areas has been significantly improved. However, current research mostly focuses on merging a single mainline lane and ramp, and there are few cases of multiple lanes. In this paper, we present a collaborative merging model with a rule-based lane-changing strategy in a V2X environment. First, the vehicle selects the appropriate gap to change lanes safely without affecting other vehicles. Meanwhile, we established a linear time discrete model to optimize the trajectory of vehicles in real-time. Finally, the proposed model and strategy were implemented in SUMO and Python. The simulation results showed that the merging model we proposed based on the lane-changing strategy had good performance in terms of the number of stops, average delay, and average speed. View Full-Text
Keywords: freeway; on-ramp; lane-changing; connected and automated vehicles; trajectory optimization freeway; on-ramp; lane-changing; connected and automated vehicles; trajectory optimization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shi, Y.; Yu, H.; Guo, Y.; Yuan, Z. A Collaborative Merging Strategy with Lane Changing in Multilane Freeway On-Ramp Area with V2X Network. Future Internet 2021, 13, 123. https://doi.org/10.3390/fi13050123

AMA Style

Shi Y, Yu H, Guo Y, Yuan Z. A Collaborative Merging Strategy with Lane Changing in Multilane Freeway On-Ramp Area with V2X Network. Future Internet. 2021; 13(5):123. https://doi.org/10.3390/fi13050123

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shi, Yanjun, Hao Yu, Yijia Guo, and Zhiheng Yuan. 2021. "A Collaborative Merging Strategy with Lane Changing in Multilane Freeway On-Ramp Area with V2X Network" Future Internet 13, no. 5: 123. https://doi.org/10.3390/fi13050123

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