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Open AccessFeature PaperReview

Long-Range Wireless Radio Technologies: A Survey

Inria Lille - Nord Europe, 59650 Villeneuve d’Ascq, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Future Internet 2020, 12(1), 13;
Received: 19 December 2019 / Revised: 6 January 2020 / Accepted: 11 January 2020 / Published: 14 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Featured Reviews of Future Internet Research)
Wireless networks are now a part of the everyday life of many people and are used for many applications. Recently, new technologies that enable low-power and long-range communications have emerged. These technologies, in opposition to more traditional communication technologies rather defined as "short range", allow kilometer-wide wireless communications. Long-range technologies are used to form Low-Power Wide-Area Networks (LPWAN). Many LPWAN technologies are available, and they offer different performances, business models etc., answering different applications’ needs. This makes it hard to find the right tool for a specific use case. In this article, we present a survey about the long-range technologies available presently as well as the technical characteristics they offer. Then we propose a discussion about the energy consumption of each alternative and which one may be most adapted depending on the use case requirements and expectations, as well as guidelines to choose the best suited technology. View Full-Text
Keywords: long-range; wireless; IoT; LPWAN; mobile; cellular; LoRa; Sigfox; LTE-M; NB-IoT long-range; wireless; IoT; LPWAN; mobile; cellular; LoRa; Sigfox; LTE-M; NB-IoT
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Foubert, B.; Mitton, N. Long-Range Wireless Radio Technologies: A Survey. Future Internet 2020, 12, 13.

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