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Indoor Vehicles Geolocalization Using LoRaWAN

Department of Computer Engineering (DISCA), Universitat Politècnica de València, 46022 Valencia, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
All authors contributed equally to this work.
Future Internet 2019, 11(6), 124;
Received: 4 May 2019 / Revised: 28 May 2019 / Accepted: 29 May 2019 / Published: 31 May 2019
PDF [1603 KB, uploaded 31 May 2019]


One of the main drawbacks of Global Navigation Satellite Sytems (GNSS) is that they do not work indoors. When inside, there is often no direct line from the satellite signals to the device and the ultra high frequency (UHF) used is blocked by thick, solid materials such as brick, metal, stone or wood. In this paper, we describe a solution based on the Long Range Wide Area Network (LoRaWAN) technology to geolocalise vehicles indoors. Through estimation of the behaviour of a LoRaWAN channel and using trilateration, the localisation of a vehicle can be obtained within a 20–30 m range. Indoor geolocation for Intelligent Transporation Systems (ITS) can be used to locate vehicles of any type in underground parkings, keep a platoon of trucks in formation or create geo-fences, that is, sending an alert if an object moves outside a defined area, like a bicycle being stolen. Routing of heavy vehicles within an industrial setting is another possibility.
Keywords: LoRaWAN; geolocalization; ITS LoRaWAN; geolocalization; ITS
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Manzoni, P.; Calafate, C.T.; Cano, J.-C.; Hernández-Orallo, E. Indoor Vehicles Geolocalization Using LoRaWAN. Future Internet 2019, 11, 124.

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