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A Survey on LoRaWAN Architecture, Protocol and Technologies

IT Department, İstanbul University, 34116 İstanbul, Turkey
Computer Engineering Department, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, 34320 İstanbul, Turkey
Open and Distance Education Faculty, İstanbul University, 34126 İstanbul, Turkey
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Future Internet 2019, 11(10), 216;
Received: 7 September 2019 / Revised: 11 October 2019 / Accepted: 11 October 2019 / Published: 17 October 2019
Internet of Things (IoT) expansion led the market to find alternative communication technologies since existing protocols are insufficient in terms of coverage, energy consumption to fit IoT needs. Low Power Wide Area Networks (LPWAN) emerged as an alternative cost-effective communication technology for the IoT market. LoRaWAN is an open LPWAN standard developed by LoRa Alliance and has key features i.e., low energy consumption, long-range communication, builtin security, GPS-free positioning. In this paper, we will introduce LoRaWAN technology, the state of art studies in the literature and provide open opportunities. View Full-Text
Keywords: LoRa; LoRaWAN; Long Range Wide Area Networks; LPWAN LoRa; LoRaWAN; Long Range Wide Area Networks; LPWAN
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Ertürk, M.A.; Aydın, M.A.; Büyükakkaşlar, M.T.; Evirgen, H. A Survey on LoRaWAN Architecture, Protocol and Technologies. Future Internet 2019, 11, 216.

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