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Open AccessArticle

Initial Coin Offerings and Agile Practices

Department of Electric and Electronic Engineering, University of Cagliari, 09123 Cagliari, Italy
Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Cagliari, 09124 Cagliari, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Future Internet 2018, 10(11), 103;
Received: 18 September 2018 / Revised: 15 October 2018 / Accepted: 19 October 2018 / Published: 23 October 2018
An ICO (Initial Coin Offering) is an innovative way to fund projects based on blockchain. The funding is based on the selling of tokens by means of decentralized applications called smart contracts written in Solidity, a programming language specific for Ethereum blockchain. The ICOs work in a volatile context and it is crucial that the team is capable of handling constant changes. The Agile methods, proven practices enabling to develop software in presence of changing requirements, could be a means for managing uncertainty. The main goals of this work are to understand software engineering activities related to ICOs, recognize the ICOs developed using Agile methods, and make a comparison between ICOs and Agile ICOs. In addition, we perform a deeper analysis of Agile ICOs concerning project planning, software development, and code features. Our work shows that the roles of the people involved in an ICO can be compared to the typical roles of the SCRUM methodology. The majority of Agile ICOs use tool of testing before storing smart contract on blockchain. Finally, the application of volumetric and complexity software metrics shows that the files of Agile ICOs is on average shorter and less complex than in other smart contracts. View Full-Text
Keywords: Initial Coin Offerings; Agile methodology; smart contracts; blockchain Initial Coin Offerings; Agile methodology; smart contracts; blockchain
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ibba, S.; Pinna, A.; Lunesu, M.I.; Marchesi, M.; Tonelli, R. Initial Coin Offerings and Agile Practices. Future Internet 2018, 10, 103.

AMA Style

Ibba S, Pinna A, Lunesu MI, Marchesi M, Tonelli R. Initial Coin Offerings and Agile Practices. Future Internet. 2018; 10(11):103.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ibba, Simona; Pinna, Andrea; Lunesu, Maria I.; Marchesi, Michele; Tonelli, Roberto. 2018. "Initial Coin Offerings and Agile Practices" Future Internet 10, no. 11: 103.

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